Are you Ready for Insta 75 Days Revision Plan (UPSC Prelims - 2020)?
Topic– Poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.
3) Examine the causes and consequences of forced migration of population being witnessed across the world. Also analyse Indian government’s present management of migration in the light of recently signed Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration, of the United Nations. (250 words)
Why this question:
The question is in the context of rising trends of forced migration being witnessed across the world. Amidst this, recently government of India has signed the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration, a non-binding agreement for the better management of migration, of the United Nations.
demand of the question:
This question seeks to examine the implications of forced migration across the world and analyse the Indian government’s present management of migration in the light of the compacts’ objectives.
Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.
forced migration, Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration (GCM), Migration Governance, Vulnerabilities of the migrant workforce etc.
Structure of the answer:
Start by highlighting the alarming issue of forced migrants.
Discuss the following –
Forced Migration – sudden exogenous large number of arrival of migrants Causes- War, trade, pilgrimages, drought and famine, development programs, land tenure system, and because of natural and manmade calamities, human trafficking, ethnic cleansing etc
Case studies – Flow of forced migrants from Syria, Iraq, Afghanistan, Eritrea, Somalia, Mali Case study of Rohingya etc.
Consequences – Radicalization Political instability Food crisis (immediate) Spread of diseases Unrest or terrorist attacks Stress on public services and infrastructure in poor economies Fiscal implications.
Then discuss how analysis of the Indian government’s present management of migration in the light of the compacts’ objectives shows the need for a revamp in the state’s approach.
Conclude with importance of policies for migrants and that India’s step in this direction keeping all shortcomings aside, and with proper implementation and monitoring of the GCM objectives in the country can change the migration scenario drastically.