Are you Ready for Insta 75 Days Revision Plan (UPSC Prelims - 2020)?
Topic: Salient features of world’s physical geography.
1) What do you understand by “Bombogenesis” or “Bomb cyclone” ? Examine why Great Plains of USA are experiencing unusually extreme flood conditions these days.(250 words)
Why this question:
Bomb cyclone is a concept in Geography that was recently seen in the news. Hence, it is important to know the concept from the point of view of GS paper I.
Key demand of the question:
The question expects us to discuss in detail the concept of bomb cyclones; their origin, formation, process, effect and consequences and also why the Great Plains of USA are experiencing unusually extreme flood conditions recently.
Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.
Structure of the answer:
Explain Briefly the significance of such a phenomena, or quote the recent onset of these cyclones in USA.
Discuss the recent incidences – In 2018, two winter storms hit the northeastern coast of the U.S. that were classified as bomb cyclones – one in January and another in March and again last week they were reported in the great plains of USA.
Discuss – How are bomb cyclones formed? How long does a bomb cyclone last? What causes Bombogenesis? Then discuss its impact and what can be done to ensure preparedness to such natural inevitabilities.
Conclude with importance of disaster management in the context of cyclones.