Topic– Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.
3) Provide for a critical review of the age of criminal responsibility of juvenile in India vis-a-vis global scenario. (250 words)
Why this question:
The maximum age of criminal responsibility (MACR) for juveniles was set at 16 years recently, and the Juvenile Justice (Amendment) Bill made juveniles between ages 16 and 18 years who are charged with heinous offences to be tried as adults. Since then a deeper appreciation of children’s rights and understanding of their unique capabilities and experiences has been in question.
demand of the question:
This question seeks to examine the implications of the developments for understanding of age of criminal responsibility of juvenile, and expects one to provide for a comparison and contrast between the Indian scenario and the world.
Critically review – When asked to review, you have to examine the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.
Juvenile in conflict with law, Juvenile Justice Delivery System, Rights of Child, Protection, Treatment, Development, Rehabilitation etc.
Structure of the answer:
Start by suggesting that many reports have revealed that a significant proportion of juveniles who commit crimes in India come from economically and socially deprived backgrounds.
Discuss the following in detail:
- Trace the historical evolution of laws pertaining to Juveniles in India.
- Discuss the recent cases such as – Delhi rape case, post which strong changes came into the Juvenile Justice system.
- Compare the conditions , legislations in India with other countries, take your stand as to whether you agree or disagree.
conclude with significance of robust Juvenile justice system in place to ensure the future of the youth and children in the country.