Topic-Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.
2) India’s female Labor Force Participation Rate (LFPR) has sharply declined over the last decade, despite being a period of high GDP and employment growth. Discuss why and what needs to be done to improve this condition ? (250 words)
Why this question:
Female labour force participation is one of the key drivers of growth and development, but however in recent times the FLFP has declined despite growth in other indicators such as high GDP, employment rate etc. Thus it becomes imperative for us to prepare such a topic for GS paper I.
Key demands of the question:
The question must analyse the factors supporting the decline of the already low female labour force participation rate in India, particularly in a period of its rapid economic growth.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Female employment, unpaid work, employability, self-employment and informality, U-shape, occupational segregation, feminization U hypothesis.
Structure of the answer:
A good start can be made through some fact highlighting the importance of Labor Force Participation Rate (LFPR) among females in India.
The body of the answer address the following dimensions:
- Reasons behind the low level of female LFPR(the structural factors), in comparison with other countries.
- Nature and Trends of female employment in India.
- What’s the main concern?
- What needs to be done to improve the conditions?
Conclude – unlocking the potential of women definitely requires an increase and shift in the composition of overall employment opportunities as well as questioning of societal strictures. As the country commends itself on world-leading economic growth and aspires towards trillion economy, it becomes necessary to take women along to make this goal a reality.