Topic: Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world
8) Mahatma Gandhi always supported the idea of the “purity of means”, in this context do you think it is unethical for a military officer to mislead the enemy? Discuss in the backdrop of recent Air strikes on Balakot and role played by wing commander of India who was capsized by the enemy country.(250 words)
Why this question:
The question is in the context of the idea of purity of means advocated by Mahatma Gandhi.
Key demand of the question:
The answer must apply the idea of purity of means to the recent incidence of Wing commander Abhinandan Varthaman who was caught up in the Enemy territory after the completion of the operation of air strike. One has to evaluate this situation in the context of the idea.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
Explain briefly background of the recent Balakot incidence.
Discuss briefly the following aspects :
- Elucidate upon the idea of “Purity of means” as propounded by Mahatma Gandhi; that ‘means are as important as end’. The purity of means is to achieve an end result which tells us about our values and attitude. For instance Gandhiji adhered to the path of non-violence for achieving independence for India. But Gandhiji himself justified violence in Quit India movement when he saw no other alternative has been left. Thus ethics is contextual and situational.
- Discuss how for a military officer, his highest moral duty would be to safeguard the national interest and ensure the survival of the state. As failing in the war would mean subordination of the country which would take away the people’s fundamental rights and push them towards impoverishment, therefore for a military officer winning a battle is more necessary even if he has to mislead the enemy.
Signify the importance of the Gandhian ideology and conclude how it becomes contextual to the situations.