Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation./ Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.
3) The recent National Register of Citizens (NRC) exercise in Assam has excluded 40 lakh people from its final draft list, has it failed to resolve the illegal immigration debate in Assam? What are the Socio-Economic and Political Consequence of such Illegal Migration? Critically analyse.(250 words)
Centre, Assam lax on illegal migration: SC-The hindu
Why this question:
The recent National Register of Citizens (NRC) exercise and the proposed decision to deport all immigrants have been at the core of the controversy along with the discussion to scrap Article 35. But the issue of deportation of all immigrants is hasn’t worked out successfully as a solution. The apex court in this context has slammed at the Assam government for failing to address the issue of illegal immigrants.
Key demand of the question:
The question expects us to express our understanding as to whether exclusion of all illegal immigrants from the NCR is working out to be a feasible solution or not. One has to form an opinion based on valid facts and arguments with examples to justify.
Critically analyze – When asked to analyze, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.
Structure of the answer:
Introduce with a few lines on the illegal immigrants issue in India and more so specifically in Assam.
Discuss the following:
- why deporting all immigrants from India is not a feasible and recommended solution?
- Narrate upon the associated problems with the exercise to demarcate legal and illegal immigrants- like the problems of exclusion as seen in the Assam NRC exercise; some illegal immigrants would be difficult if not impossible to deport- Gorkhas and Lepchas from Nepal; India has no agreement with nearby governments for large-scale deportation etc.
- Discuss the Socio-Economic and Political Consequence of such Illegal Migration.
- What can be done? – suggest policy changes required in this direction.
Conclude as – It is high time that India takes stringent measures
against the illegal migrants who have become a real threat to the security of the country.