Topic– Industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries,colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.- their forms and effect on the society.
1) To what extent Mao-Tse-Tung and his policies during and aftermath of Chinese Civil War are responsible for rise of contemporary China.(250 words)
World history by Norman Lowe, World history NCERT
Why this question:
The question is in the light of Mao- Tse- Tung and his policies around the Chinese civil war that led to rise of Current China.
Key demands of the question:
The answer should provide for a close inspection of the role played by Mao , how he was instrumental in establishing an early form of Chinese communism in the years 1928-34. How He helped to develop it and create the military and political strategy in the Yenan years of 1935-45 that won the civil war in 1949. He then went on to mold communist China and ruled it – in his last years at least in name – until his death in September 1976.
Structure of the answer:
Start with the significant role of Mao-Tse-Tung in Chinese revolution.
Discuss the following aspects in the answer:
- Briefly – who was Mao , his role in bringing out urban and agrarian reforms —via China’s first five-year plan (1953–57), the Great Leap Forward (1958–60), and the Cultural Revolution (1966–76).
- His authoritarian tactics to maintain principal control over the trajectory of his country.
- Impact on contemporary China.
Conclude with significance of Mao-Tse-Tung, his distinct policies and their impact as of even today.