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1) To what extent Mao-Tse-Tung and his policies during and aftermath of Chinese Civil War are responsible for rise of contemporary China.(250 words)

Topic– Industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries,colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.- their forms and effect on the society.

1) To what extent Mao-Tse-Tung and his policies during and aftermath of Chinese Civil War are responsible for rise of contemporary China.(250 words)

World history by Norman Lowe, World history NCERT

 

Why this question:

The question is in the light of Mao- Tse- Tung and his policies around the Chinese civil war that led to rise of Current China.

Key demands of the question:

The answer should provide for a close inspection of the role played by Mao , how he was instrumental in establishing an early form of Chinese communism in the years 1928-34. How He helped to develop it and create the military and political strategy in the Yenan years of 1935-45 that won the civil war in 1949. He then went on to mold communist China and ruled it – in his last years at least in name – until his death in September 1976.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

Start with the significant role of Mao-Tse-Tung in Chinese revolution.

Body

Discuss the following aspects in the answer:

  • Briefly – who was Mao , his role  in bringing out urban and agrarian reforms —via China’s first five-year plan (1953–57), the Great Leap Forward (1958–60), and the Cultural Revolution (1966–76).
  • His authoritarian tactics to maintain principal control over the trajectory of his country.
  • Impact on contemporary China.

Conclusion

Conclude with significance of Mao-Tse-Tung, his distinct policies and their impact as of even today.