Topic: Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security. /Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges.
7) Discuss the need for a renewed attention on socio-economic re-integration of the Militants in the context of newly drafted Return Policy for militants in Jammu and Kashmir. What are the issues and concerns associated to it? Suggest some solutions to tackle the same.(250 words)
Why this question:
The question is in the context of the new policy by Jammu and Kashmir government to encourage militants from the state to give up arms.
Key demand of the question:
The answer must provide for a detailed analysis of the proposed scheme as to how it is a revised version of earlier initiatives, but with a fresh focus on socio-economic re-integration.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
Explain briefly the importance of encouraging militants to join the mainstream, emphasis on need for rehabilitation.
Discuss first the previous approaches to this problem, then move on to discuss the need for rehabilitation through a two-pronged approach including reformative measures and opportunities of livelihood. Explain why it is essential for the government to show its determination to reach out to alienated youth. Explain why successful implementation of a surrender policy is of utmost importance in Jammu and Kashmir.
Conclude with way forward.