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India Cooling Action Plan (ICAP)

Topics Covered:

  1. Conservation and pollution related issues.


India Cooling Action Plan (ICAP)


What to study?

For Prelims and Mains: Highlights and significance of ICAP.


Context: India Cooling Action Plan Launched.



  • India is the first country in world to develop such a document (ICAP), which addresses cooling requirement across sectors and lists out actions which can help reduce the cooling demand.
  • The overarching goal is to provide sustainable cooling and thermal comfort for all while securing environmental and socio-economic benefits for the society.


The goals emerging from the suggested interventions stated in ICAP are:

  1. Reduction of cooling demand across sectors by 20% to 25 % by year 2037-38.
  2. Reduction of refrigerant demand by 25% to 30% by year 2037-38.
  3. Reduction of cooling energy requirements by 25% to 40% by year 2037-38.
  4. Training and certification of 100,000 servicing sector technicians by the year 2022-23, in synergy with Skill India Mission.
  5. Recognize “cooling and related areas” as a thrust area of research under the national S&T Programme.


The broad objectives of the India Cooling Action Plan include:

  • Assessment of cooling requirements across sectors in next 20 years and the associated refrigerant demand and energy use.
  • Map the technologies available to cater the cooling requirement including passive interventions, refrigerant-based technologies and alternative technologies such as not-in-kind technologies.
  • Suggest interventions in each sector to provide for sustainable cooling and thermal comfort for all.
  • Focus on skilling of RAC service technicians.
  • Develop an R&D innovation ecosystem for indigenous development of alternative technologies.


The following benefits would accrue to society over and above the environmental benefits:

  • Thermal comfort for all – provision for cooling for EWS and LIG housing.
  • Sustainable cooling – low GHG emissions related to cooling.
  • Doubling Farmers Income – better cold chain infrastructure – better value of products to farmers, less wastage of produce.
  • Skilled workforce for better livelihoods and environmental protection.
  • Make in India – domestic manufacturing of air-conditioning and related cooling equipment’s.
  • Robust R&D on alternative cooling technologies – to provide the push to innovation in a cooling sector.