[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 09 March 2019

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[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 09 March 2019

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Tomorrow’s Static Topic: Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.


General Studies – 1


Topic– Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.

1) Critically examine the obligations which pressed India to play a pivotal role in the emergence of Bangladesh. (250 words)

Bipin Chandra-  India after Independence

 

Why this question:

The question is in the context of Carving Bangladesh out of Pakistan and the role played by India in it, the causes and consequences.

Directive word:

Critically examine – When asked to analyse, you  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Key demands of the question:

The answer should provide for a close examination of India’s role in the liberation of Bangladesh. Main emphasis however needs to be on what pressure points forced India to take the lead role in this scenario.

 

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

Start by pointing out the hostile relations in the past between India and Pakistan that added to India’s decision to intervene in Pakistan’s civil war then, and thus how the Indian government decided to support the creation of a separate state for ethnic Bengalis by supporting the Mukti Bahini.

Body

Discuss the following important factors :

  • Backdrop of the Bangladesh War of Independence.
  • India’s Involvement in the liberation and the aftermath – most of the answer discussion should focus on this aspect.
  • Discuss in detail  how India played a crucial role in terms of political, social and humanitarian ground.

Keywords:

shimla agreement, mukti vahini sena, Zulfikar Ali Bhutto , Indira Gandhi etc.

Conclusion

Conclude with contemporary relevance of the NAM.


Topic– Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.

2) In what way did Nehru’s plan for modernization make rapid tread during the decade 1951 – 61?(250 words)

Bipin Chandra – India after Independence

 

Why this question:

The question is about how Nehruvian Thought shaped the formative years of India as it emerged from 200 years of British colonialism, his plan of action for modernization for the decade of 1951 -61.

 

demand of the question:

The answer must bring out the pivotal role of Nehru in modernization ; Nehru as a hostage to the development economics consensus of his times, both in terms of its insights as well as its policies. His role as an economic modernist, his belief of rapid industrialization as the most effective way to win the battle against mass poverty.

 

Structure of the answer:

 

Introduction

Narrate the background of events under Nehru’s years of Indian modernization.

Body

  • Discuss his methods and ideas;
  • how he advocated state-sponsored industrialisation, increasing the “wealth-producing capacity” and using atomic energy for civilian use and also the fact that he realised for industrialisation to be viable it needed a supportive agrarian economy and a small-scale industrial base.
  • His ideas on town planning — going beyond roads and parks to education, recreation, employment and business — were remarkably modern.
  • He proposed that every village should have a panchayat, a cooperative society, and a school etc.

 

Keywords:

principle of non-alignment, first-rate institutions”, models of economic development etc.

 

Conclusion

conclude with the significance of his contributions in modernization of Indian economy and society.


Topic: Communalism and secularism.

3) Critically analyze the Ayodhya dispute and its costs on national harmony. Can mediation talks demonstrate to be a leeway for healing relationships? discuss with respect to doctrine of essentiality.(250 words)

Indianexpress

The hindu

Why this question:

The article is in the backdrop of the apex court’s order of mediation to settle the long running Ayodhya Ram Mandir-Babri Masjid dispute. The SC has constituted a three-member mediation panel headed by former SC judge Justice F M Kalifullah to resolve the issue. The other members of the panel include spiritual guru Sri Sri Ravi Shankar and Senior Advocate Sriram Panchu.

 

Key demand of the question

The answer must critically analyze the nuances of the case; What is the case about , historical ill doings from Both Hindus and Muslims in the context, the unity angle, what is doctrine of essentiality, and most importantly the role of Mediation talks.

 

Directive word

Critically analyse – When asked to analyse, you  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer

 

Introduction:

Briefly narrate the background of the issue.

Body:

The answer should cover the following :

  • Discuss  first the dimensions of the issue; what is the issue, its effect on unity of the nation etc
  • What is Dr M Ismail Faruqui case?
  • What is ‘doctrine of essentiality’?
  • Role of supreme court : past to present .
  • Importance of Mediation

Keywords:

Dr M Ismail Faruqui case, doctrine of essentiality, freedom of religion, Mediation etc

Conclusion:

Conclude with significance resolving such issues impartially and unbiased for the betterment of the country’s harmony and peace.


Topic: Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian subcontinent); factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India)/ Bio diversity, Environment.

4) In the light of recent Forest Survey report, discuss the significance of Forest Survey in India. What are the issues and challenges involved? Elucidate.(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

The article is in the background of  the recent recommendations made by the high-power committee constituted by the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC) that forest surveys — the biennial exercise by the government to estimate forest cover —should explicitly demarcate trees grown in forests from those grown outside, that is, in plantations and private lands.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the significance of the forest surveys in India; importance, issues and challenges involved and how do we address such challenges.

 

Directive word:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

 

Introduction:

Begin with the importance of forests as a key natural resource, forest surveys as a prime most step in conservation efforts to save forests .

 

Body:

Discuss the importance of forests, bring out the role of forest surveys – in terms of assessment, analysis of the status of the natural resources. Bring out ow they highlight the conditions of forests effectively, what are the issues involved in these surveys, what needs to be done, government’s role in dealing with these challenges.

 

Conclusion:

Conclude with the importance of the survey and suggest way forward.


General Studies – 2


Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

5) The recent incident of wrong medicines post vaccination at the Primary health Centre of Hyderabad point to a looming public health emergency that necessitates a renewed focus on mitigating the hazards of poor health infrastructure . Discuss and critically analyze government policies for dealing with the crisis? (250 words)

Indianexpress

Why this question:

Recently one infant died and 22 others were in a critical condition after the staff of an urban primary health centre in Hyderabad allegedly administered them the wrong medicine – tramadol instead of paracetamol – after vaccination. The alleged mistake took place because of the similar packaging on the two drugs available at the health centre.

 

Key demand of the question:

The question is in the backdrop of the complacent and irresponsible behavior of the primary health care Centre in Hyderabad that lead to innocent loss of life. In this answer you must bring out the issues associated with the Healthcare industry and what needs to be done to address these issues.

Directive word:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Critically analyze – When asked to analyze, you  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin with the importance of the primary healthcare centers in the Indian model of health infrastructure.

Body:

The answer should mainly focus upon:

  • the challenges, issues and concerns associated with such incidents in the health industry.
  • What needs to be done ?
  • Redressal?

Conclusion:

Conclude with how the Industry needs to gear up , strict action needs to be taken against the irresponsible and wrong doers, stringent policies should be put in place to keep a check on such issues.


Topic  Disaster and disaster management.

6) Discuss the objectives of recently launched Flood Management and Border Areas Programme (FMBAP) and analyze the need for a comprehensive policy and coordinated approach for flood management and border area programmes.(250 words)

pib

 

Why this question:

The Union Cabinet has approved the “Flood Management and Border Areas Programme (FMBAP)” for Flood Management Works in entire country and River Management Activities and works related to Border Areas (RMBA).

 

Key demand of the question:

The answer should discuss the salient features of the programme, the objectives of it.

you must also detail and emphasis on the need for a comprehensive policy and coordinated approach for flood management and border area programmes.

 

Directive word

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

 

Structure of the answer

 

Introduction:

Briefly narrate the background of the programme.

 

Body:

Discussion of the answer should capture the following points :

  • Importance of the programme.
  • Salient features and objectives.
  • Benefits of the scheme, challenges and issues faced in implementation.
  • Need for such schemes , suggest a way forward.

 

Keywords:

effective flood management, erosion control , anti-sea erosion, Pancheshwar Multipurpose Project, Sapta Kosi-Sun Kosi Projects in Nepal,

Conclusion –

Conclude with need for holistic approach to address the requirements of border areas and river regions.


General Studies – 4


TopicPublic/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.

7) “After a time, civil servants tend to become no longer servants and no longer civil”. Evaluate . (250 words)

 

Why this question:

The question is in the light of the statement made by Winston Churchill, that highlights the importance of values and ethics in Civil servants .

 

Key demand of the question:

The answer must  provide for a comprehensive analogy of the statement, highlighting the importance of values and ethics amongst civil servants.

 

Directive word:

Evaluate – When you are asked to evaluate, you have to pass a sound judgement about the truth of the given statement in the question or the topic based on evidences.  You have to appraise the worth of the statement in question. There is scope for forming a personal opinion here.

 

Structure of the answer:

 

Introduction:

Explain briefly the meaning of the quote; what it implies by – “no longer civil” and “no longer servant” .

Body:

Discuss how the role of ethics and moral values is significant in bringing good governance through honest civil servants. Discuss the numerous ways to strengthen the moral values in governance through Principle of Selflessness, high integrity, objectivity, accountability etc. demonstrated by civil servants. Substantiate with relevant examples and case studies.

 

Conclusion:

Conclude with importance of values and ethics in civil servants for effective working of governance.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

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