Topic: Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian subcontinent); factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India)/ Bio diversity, Environment.
4) In the light of recent Forest Survey report, discuss the significance of Forest Survey in India. What are the issues and challenges involved? Elucidate.(250 words)
Why this question:
The article is in the background of the recent recommendations made by the high-power committee constituted by the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC) that forest surveys — the biennial exercise by the government to estimate forest cover —should explicitly demarcate trees grown in forests from those grown outside, that is, in plantations and private lands.
Key demand of the question:
The answer must discuss the significance of the forest surveys in India; importance, issues and challenges involved and how do we address such challenges.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
Begin with the importance of forests as a key natural resource, forest surveys as a prime most step in conservation efforts to save forests .
Discuss the importance of forests, bring out the role of forest surveys – in terms of assessment, analysis of the status of the natural resources. Bring out ow they highlight the conditions of forests effectively, what are the issues involved in these surveys, what needs to be done, government’s role in dealing with these challenges.
Conclude with the importance of the survey and suggest way forward.