Topic– Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.
1) Critically examine the obligations which pressed India to play a pivotal role in the emergence of Bangladesh. (250 words)
Bipin Chandra- India after Independence
Why this question:
The question is in the context of Carving Bangladesh out of Pakistan and the role played by India in it, the causes and consequences.
Critically examine – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.
Key demands of the question:
The answer should provide for a close examination of India’s role in the liberation of Bangladesh. Main emphasis however needs to be on what pressure points forced India to take the lead role in this scenario.
Structure of the answer:
Start by pointing out the hostile relations in the past between India and Pakistan that added to India’s decision to intervene in Pakistan’s civil war then, and thus how the Indian government decided to support the creation of a separate state for ethnic Bengalis by supporting the Mukti Bahini.
Discuss the following important factors :
- Backdrop of the Bangladesh War of Independence.
- India’s Involvement in the liberation and the aftermath – most of the answer discussion should focus on this aspect.
- Discuss in detail how India played a crucial role in terms of political, social and humanitarian ground.
shimla agreement, mukti vahini sena, Zulfikar Ali Bhutto , Indira Gandhi etc.
Conclude with contemporary relevance of the NAM.