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4) Diseases of affluence are overtaking poverty disease in India reflecting growing middle class. Elucidate.(250 words)

Topic: Issues relating to poverty and hunger./ Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.

4) Diseases of affluence are overtaking poverty disease in India reflecting growing middle class. Elucidate.(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

The article defines what are diseases of affluence, the question is in the context of rising Lifestyle illnesses, such as heart disease have overtaken the so-called poverty diseases of tuberculosis and diarrhea as India’s biggest killer, reflecting the country’s growing affluence.

Key demand of the question:

The answer should discuss how the changing lifestyle and prosperity of Indians which began a decade ago has reduced the physical activities of people, particularly in urban India, The sedentary lifestyle, over stressed life, bad eating habits and smoking are the other factors which have led to this changing trends.

Directive word

Elucidate – means to clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the  particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer

Introduction:

Briefly define what you understand by diseases of Affluence, how they are different from those of poverty.

Body:

Discussion of the answer should capture the following points :

  • Causes of the shift : Highlight the changing lifestyles, reflect the sedentary lifestyles among India’s growing middle class, the rise of motorcycle and car ownership etc. , and a growing fondness for junk and high sugar/ fat food.
  • Explain how the trend is no more about diseases of poverty that are the result of low living standards that prevent people from having sufficient access to quality healthcare.
  • Suggest a way forward.

Conclusion –

Suggest what needs to be done, quote reports and facts to justify the same.

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