Topic– Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.
1) Was Jawaharlal Nehru right in adopting the principle of non-alignment as the corner-stone of India’s foreign policy? Examine.(250 words)
Bipin Chandra- India after Independence
Why this question:
The question is about analyzing the importance of the principle of non-alignment as the corner-stone of India’s foreign policy by Jawaharlal Nehru post-independence.
Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.
Key demands of the question:
The answer should provide for a close examination of India’s foreign policy as adopted by Jawaharlal Nehru post-independence against the backdrop of world war II, and how exactly Nehru took over the nation with the hope of forging amicable relationship with countries of the world.
Structure of the answer:
Start by pointing out the importance of the policy, how it started – India became the first country to begin a policy that was new in the history of international relations – the policy of Non-Alignment which was founded in 1961 in Belgrade and was ably supported by Gamal Abdel Nasser of Egypt, President Sukarno of Indonesia and Joseph Broz Tito of Yugoslavia.
Discuss the following important factors :
- Trace the backdrop of the NAM and its origin.
- Importance of the policy – Nehru’s pacifism and his strong support of the United Nations. what way he pioneered the policy of non-alignment.
- professing neutrality between the rival blocs of nations led by the US and the USSR.
- technique to maintain world peace.
- Factors responsible for adopting Non alignment.
- struggle against imperialism, colonialism, neo-colonialism, racism, and all forms of foreign aggression, occupation, domination, interference or hegemony as well as against great power and bloc politics
India’s economic backwardness, neutralism, decolonized nation, 1955 Bandung Conference, Lusaka Conference (third conference) 1970, Havana Declaration etc.
Conclude with contemporary relevance of the NAM.