Topic– Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.
2) Discuss the post-independence refugee problem in India. What were the measures taken to deal with refugees and rehabilitate them? How has the approach changed from then, in today’s context? Comment. (250 words)
Bipin Chandra – India after Independence
Why this question:
The question is in the context of post-independence Refugee crisis that immediately followed the partition of the country in 1947, The question is in general about the crisis and how the government then handled it and until today what changes have been witnessed in terms of Refugee problems and the measures taken to resolve them.
demand of the question:
The question directly is asking you to discuss the measures/steps taken by the Government of India to resolve the issue of Refugees post-independence. Thus one should very briefly discuss the issue and major focus should be on the “Measures” , later part of the answer should bring out the present conditions of refugees in India, how the government of today is handling it.
Comment- here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon
Structure of the answer:
Narrate the background of events India- Pak partition, further division of Pak into East Pakistan and West Pakistan which later on led to the formation of Bangladesh and highlight the problems of Refugees and their rehabilitation.
Pick up the Refugee issue across the borders of the country from past to present mainly – The refugee of Partition, The Bangladeshi refugee, Tibetan refugee Sri Lankan Tamil refugees, Afghan refugees, Rohingya refugees, Chakma and Hejong refugees etc. Discuss problems , measures taken to tackle them ( each one had a tailor made approach) etc. and discuss the conditions of today.
Human rights, mass exodus, violence, national security, etc.
conclude how over the years India has received wave after wave refugees from many of its neighbors’. And the government of India has generally followed the principle of non-refoulement, refusing to send refugees back to a place where they face a threat to their life.