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Topic– Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.
1) Analyze the significance of the Dravidian movement in the post-independence history of India.(250 words)
Bipin Chandra- India after Independence
Why this question:
The question is about the Dravidian movement in the post-independence history of India and its significant impact.
analyse – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.
Key demands of the question:
The answer should highlight the genesis of Dravidian movement in India from the peninsular region from – Justice party to Self-respect Movement to formation of Dravidar Kazhagam, into the concept of Anti-North Orientation and later Dravida Nadu getting Split into Dravidar Kazhagam and formation of DMK AIDMK. Thus parallelly highlighting the significance of the movement.
Structure of the answer:
Start by tracing historical genesis of the movement through the formation of Justice party and how the roots of the Dravidian movement lie in Brahmin-non-Brahmin conflict.
Discuss what way the Dravidian Movement initiated as a movement against Brahmins, after independence added the dimension of Anti north orientation, Role of Periyar, demand for Independent south Indian nation/ Dravida Nadu or Dravidsthan, later anti-Hindi protests. Briefly provide for a passing reference for the failures along with the social reforms it brought in.
Ideals of self-respect and social empowerment, Brahmin hegemony, leadership of C N Annadurai, Dravida Nadu / Dravidistan etc.
Conclude that despite limitations, the Dravidian movement was successful in the abolition of Devadasi system, promotion of inter-caste and inter-religious marriages and legalization of marriages without Brahman priest and therefore reducing Brahmanical dominance.