Topic– The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country.
2) Do you think Mahatma Gandhi’s support to Khilafat Movement had diluted his secular credentials? Give your argument based on the evaluation of events. (250 words)
Bipin Chandra, modern India – NCERT
Why this question:
The question is in the context Gandhiji’s support to Khilafat movement during the Indian freedom struggle.
demand of the question:
one is expected to evaluate whether Gandhiji’s secular credentials got diluted with Khilafat; by discussing the critiques and providing for the arguments that prove it otherwise.
Evaluate – you must look into close details and establish the key facts and important issues surrounding the topic. You should try and offer reasons as to why the facts and issues you identified are the most important.
Structure of the answer:
Introduce by stating the backdrop of Khilafat movement and how Gandhiji came to support the cause of it.
Such questions should be addressed through a narration, the body of the answer should preferably first discuss as to why his support to the Khilafat movement seemed to have unsecular colors to it, why was he criticized by some under this pretext. Then move on to explain though the movement was based on religious issue, for Gandhiji was neither communal nor pro-Muslim nor an opportunistic leader but was a pragmatic statesman who had to make best use of the opportunities and resources available to him to attain independence from the British rule.
conclude with his purity of means, how the Chauri chaura incidence made him call off the movement depicting his only true religion was humanity.