Topic– The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country.
1) In what way did the Civil Disobedience Movement influence different provinces of India? How did it bring up peasant movement in India? Explain.(250 words)
Bipin Chandra, India’s Struggle for Independence
Why this question:
The question is in the background of Civil disobedience movement and its impact on the provinces of India viz. Peshawar, Gujarat, Bihar, Bengal and others. One is expected to discuss nuances of how CDM lead to Peasant movement in India.
Explain – It means to bring out things clearly, by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.
Key demands of the question:
The answer should spotlight the main causes of the civil disobedience movement, its Spread and Methods, Government Response and End of it briefly and then move towards explaining how it affected the provinces, and most importantly how it gave a new dimension to the peasant movement.
Structure of the answer:
Testify how Civil Disobedience Movement was started with Gandhiji’s defiance of salt law in Dandi and in what way popular indignation gave it a self-sustained momentum throughout India.
Discuss the following aspects –
- Cause of the movement, its momentum in brief.
- Its affect on different provinces – Peshawar- Badshah Khan – Khudai Khidmatgar, Sholapur- textile workers- virtual parallel government, Gujarat- no tax movement, Eastern states etc.
- influence on Peasant movements; massive no rent campaign, Prabhat pheris etc.
Keywords: defiance of salt law, Khudai Khidmatgar, Cunningham Circular, Manjari Senas, Gandhi-Irwin Pact etc.
Conclude with enormity of the movement in the Indian freedom struggle.