Are you Ready for Insta 75 Days Revision Plan (UPSC Prelims - 2020)?
Topic: Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.
5) Recently the Government of India introduced 10% quota for the Economically Weaker Sections (EWS) among General Category candidates in government jobs and educational institutions. Should economic-status based reservations be extended to the SC,ST and OBC’s too to help correct the centuries-old wrongs on the lower castes?(250 words)
Why this question:
The article provides for a close examination of the necessity of economic-status based reservations even for Dalits, as there are substantial inequalities even within Dalits. Thus In addition to the 15 per cent quota, the community should also have reservation based on socioeconomic criteria.
Key demand of the question:
One needs to address the needs of economic-status based reservations even amongst the vulnerable and backward sections of the society who are already being given caste based reservations as socioeconomic differentiation is as well pronounced in these communities.
Structure of the answer
Discuss the significance of economic-status based reservations in India.
You must weigh the pros and cons of such a system of affirmative action, what needs to be done? What are the imperatives? To what extent can reservation – caste based and socio- economic address the problems of weaker and poorer sections of the society? Should reservation be the only solution to fix the problem.
Conclude with how reservation is only part of a solution and not a permanent fix to the vulnerability of the socially and economically weaker section and thus we must look for alternatives and an integrated approach .