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4) The recent Pulwama attacks have exposed the gaps in our security systems and the urgent need to have a well- defined national security doctrine. However the recent act of the Government agencies to monitor computers have sparked privacy fears among the people. Critically analyse.(250 words)

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Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation./ Security challenges and their management in border areas.

4) The recent Pulwama attacks have exposed the gaps in our security systems and the urgent need to have a well- defined national security doctrine. However the recent act of the Government agencies to monitor computers have sparked privacy fears among the people. Critically analyse.(250 words)

Indianexpress

Why this question:

Department of Science and Technology (DST) recently  launched National Mission on Inter Disciplinary Cyber Physical Systems  dealing with self-driven cars, autonomous unmanned vehicle and aircraft navigation systems.

Key demand of the question:

The main demand of the question is to analyse the debate of national security vs privacy of individual in the context of recent government’s step of monitoring computers in the name of national security.

Directive word:

Critically analyze – When asked to analyze, you  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Narrate the background of the Pulwama attack, failure of the Indian Intelligence to forecast.

Body:

Weigh the pros and cons of such an act, how there needs to be a balance between the two elements, one shouldn’t be compromised at the cost of the other.

Keywords:

Right to privacy, Checks and balances, Information Technology Act of 2000, Section 69 of IT Act, online monitoring etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a fair and balanced opinion and discuss way forward.