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2) The Morley- Minto Reforms did not and could not deliver a rejoinder to the Indian problems. Explain. (250 words)

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Topic– The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country.

2) The Morley- Minto Reforms did not and could not deliver a rejoinder to the Indian problems. Explain. (250 words)

Bipin Chandra, modern India – NCERT

 

Why this question:

The question is in the context of Morley- Minto Reforms;  critique of its achievements for the betterment of India in the past and present.

demand of the question:

The question expects you to explain in detail the effects of Morley -Minto reforms as to how it could not and didn’t address the Indian problems. The reforms of 19O9 could not come up to the expectations of the Indians, what the people of India demanded was that there should be set up a responsible

government in the country. But the core of the reforms of 1909 was despotism and it was basically an attempt to create a constitutional autocracy.

Directive word

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the  particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

Introduce by stating the features of the Morley Minto Act 1909 and the background in which it came into existence.

Body

Discuss in detail the following aspects –

  • Background of the Act.
  • Salient Provisions under it.
  • Detail on – Expansion of the Legislative Councils, Communal Representation and other key features.
  • Critical Analysis of the Act .

Conclusion

conclude with how the act turned to be an eyewash and an indirect effort of the British in establishing constitutional autocracy.