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3) South Africa was “the making of the Mahatma”. Discuss.(250 words)

Topic– Indian Freedom Struggle- Important personalities

3) South Africa was “the making of the Mahatma”. Discuss.(250 words)



Directive word

Discuss- this is an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to write in detail about the key demand of the question. we also have to discuss about the related and important aspects of the question in order to bring out a complete picture of the issue in hand.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to write in detail about Gandhi’s work, role in South Africa and how his stay there shaped his ideology and style of work.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– write a few introductory lines about MK Gandhi. E.g In January 1915, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi returned to his homeland after two decades of residence abroad.


Discuss how South Africa shaped Gandhi ji. E.g

  • Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (his birth name) arrived in South Africa in 1893 at the relatively tender age of 24 as a newly qualified lawyer on a temporary assignment to act on behalf of a local Indian trader in a commercial dispute.
  • It was in South Africa that Mahatma Gandhi first forged the distinctive techniques of nonviolent protest known as satyagraha, first promoted harmony between religions, and first alerted upper -caste Indians to their discriminatory treatment of low castes and women.
  • Discuss about some of the famous protests and satyagrahas launched by Gandhi in S. Africa. E.g Gandhi formed the Natal Indian Congress in 1894. This organisation led non-violent protests against the oppressive treatment of the white people towards the native Africans and Indians.
  • In September 1906, Gandhi organised the first Satyagraha campaign to protest against the Transvaal Asiatic ordinance that was constituted against the local Indians. Again in June 1907, he held Satyagraha against the Black Act.
  • Discuss about the issues for which Gandhiji fought against the white government in S. Africa etc.

Conclusion– based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.