Topic– Impact of British rule on India
1) The case of Bastar reaffirms the central role of British colonialism in producing tribal conflict in India. Comment.(250 words)
Why this question
Bastar is a notorious region of central India, inflicted with naxalism. It has also a long history of armed revolt against outside forces. In this context it is important to discuss the role of British colonialism on the region.
Comment- here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.
Key demand of the question.
The question wants us to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue of tribal conflict in the Bastar region and adjoining areas. It wants us to express our opinion as to how British colonialism has been an important factor behind the same.
Structure of the answer
Introduction- write a few introductory lines about the Bastar region. E.g In February of 1910 the tribal population of the princely state of Bastar in eastern India rose in rebellion against a small British force stationed within the kingdom. This event, referred to as bhumkal (earthquake), established Bastar as a major battleground for tribal revolt during the colonial period.
- Discuss the historical role of British colonialism on the tribal conflicts in the region. E.g British rule brought a degree of disruption and suffering among the peasantry which was, it seems likely, more prolonged and widespread than had occurred in Mogul times; new colonial policies, such as the commandeering of forest lands and increased rural taxation, led to widespread discontent and rebellion among indigenous groups; Although the British did exert final authority over the native states, princes often had large amounts of internal discretion within their territories, and these kingdoms—at the very least—featured less of a colonial footprint; colonial officials took direct control over the forests, they displaced tribals from their land, and they heavily interfered in succession to the throne, which upset the native population etc.
- Discuss how the modern India has also failed to address the root causes of tribal discontent. E.g Despite the transition from colonial to independent status, forest resource management changed little:; exclusionary processes accelerated to consolidate state authority over forest resources etc.
Conclusion- based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.