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Topic- salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.
2) Discuss the emergence and evolution of Buddhist art in India.(250 words)
Discuss- this is an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to write in detail about the key demand of the question. we also have to discuss about the related and important aspects of the question in order to bring out a complete picture of the issue in hand.
Key demand of the question.
The question wants us to write in detail as to how Buddhist art and architecture emerged in India and how did it evolve over the course of time.
Structure of the answer
Introduction– write a few introductory lines about the early Buddhist art. E.g “Early Buddhist art did not show the Buddha in human form. In relief sculptures at early stupa sites, his presence is indicated by symbols such as the lotus (signifying purity), the eight-spoked wheel (emblem of the Buddha’s law), the parasol (ancient symbol of royalty), and a footprint (the Buddha’s presence).
Discuss how Buddhist art emerged and evolved in India. E.g
- There is no Buddhist art that dates back to period when Buddha was alive nor is there any from and the centuries that followed.
- Not until the first century A.D., more than five hundred years after his death, do images of the Buddha in human form begin to appear.
- In the first century A.D., under the Kushan rulers, the Buddha began to be depicted in human form.
- Different styles of art emerged from the two Kushan capitals, one in the Peshawar area of Gandhara and the other at Mathura further southeast in India.
- After Mahayana Buddhism began to take hold in the A.D. 1st century “a whole pantheon of Mahayana Buddhist deities began to appear to aide the devotee—Buddhas of the past, bodhisattvas such as Maitreya (Buddha of the Future), and Vajrapani (“thunderbolt bearer”), who had evolved from the chief Vedic god Indra.
- “In the Gupta period, artists developed a vocabulary of idealized forms derived from nature with which they constructed images of transcendent beings: for example, eyes like lotus petals, head oval like an egg, eyebrows like an archer’s bow, and chin like a mango stone. These conventions continued to be used in India after the Gupta period etc.
Conclusion– based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.