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5) The biodiversity of the Hindu-Kush region, faces huge challenges, and there is an urgent need to protect it. Analyze.(250 words)

Topic – Environment conservation

5) The biodiversity of the Hindu-Kush region, faces huge challenges, and there is an urgent need to protect it. Analyze.(250 words)


Why this question

Recently a report highlighting the plight and fate of biodiversity in the Hindukush region has been released. In this context it is important to analyze the threats faced by the region and the need to increase our conservation efforts in this direction.

Directive word

Analyze-here we  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts, and present them as a whole in a summary.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to dig deep into the recently released report of the ICIMOD and bring out the threats faced by the region of Hindu Kush and then bring out the need for preservation of the same.

Structure of the answer

Introduction- write a few introductory lines about the  recently released ICIMOD report. E.g According to data cited in the assessment report, 70–80% of the region’s original habitat has already been lost and that loss may increase to 80–87% by 2100.


  1. Discuss the threats and challenges faced by The biodiversity in the Hindu Kush region. E.g A quarter of endemic species in the Indian Himalayas alone could be wiped out by 2100;  And this is only set to worsen with the growing impacts of climate change, along with new infrastructure development, trade routes and hydropower dams planned for the fragile region; Along with species loss this will mean the loss of the key environmental services the region provides – such as water and carbon storage – to the rest of Asia; bout 40% of the HKH region is designated as protected areas, but actual implementation of conservation measures is patchy. Many of these areas are remote and authorities have little control over border regions sometimes plagued with ongoing conflict etc.
  2. Discuss the need to preserve the same. E.g The mountains of the Hindu Kush Himalaya contain the most biodiverse regions in the world – some of it still undiscovered; Spanning a vast distance from Afghanistan in the west to China in the east – the region is not only vast tracts of snow and ice. It encompasses lush tropical valleys, mountain forests, alpine meadows to high altitude grasslands and wetlands as well as arid steppes; These provide habitat to a diversity of rare endangered animals – including tigers, elephants, musk deer, red panda and snow leopards. Most of these species – apart from the Tibetan antelope and Giant panda of which numbers have rebounded in the past decade – are being driven to extinction; Rhododendrons, orchids, rare medicinal and wild edible plants are also under threat etc.

Conclusion- based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.