Kisan Urja Suraksha evam Utthaan Mahaabhiyan or KUSUM scheme

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Topics Covered:

  1. e-technology in the aid of farmers.
  2. Infrastructure- energy.

 

Kisan Urja Suraksha evam Utthaan Mahaabhiyan or KUSUM scheme

 

What to study?

  • For Prelims: Key features and objectives of the scheme.
  • For Mains: Significance of the scheme, solar power potential of India, challenges therein and legislative measures needed.

 

Context: The Government is formulating a Scheme ‘Kisan Urja Suraksha evam Utthaan Mahabhiyan (KUSUM)’ which inter-alia aims to promote use of solar energy among the farmers.

 

About KUSUM scheme:

What is it? It is a ₹1.4 lakh-crore scheme for promoting decentralised solar power production of up to 28,250 MW to help farmers.

Benefits: It would provide extra income to farmers, by giving them an option to sell additional power to the grid through solar power projects set up on their barren lands. It would help in de-dieselising the sector as also the DISCOMS.

Components of the scheme: The components of the scheme include building 10,000 MW solar plants on barren lands and providing sops to DISCOMS to purchase the electricity produced, ‘solarising’ existing pumps of 7250 MW as well as government tube wells with a capacity of 8250 MW and distributing 17.5 lakh solar pumps. The 60% subsidy on the solar pumps provided to farmers will be shared between the Centre and the States while 30% would be provided through bank loans. The balance cost has to be borne by the farmers.

Significance of the scheme: Expected positive outcomes of the scheme include promotion of decentralised solar power production, reduction of transmission losses as well as providing support to the financial health of DISCOMs by reducing the subsidy burden to the agriculture sector. The scheme would also promote energy efficiency and water conservation and provide water security to farmers.

 

The proposed scheme provides for:

  1. Setting up of grid-connected renewable power plants each of 500KW to 2 MW in the rural area.
  2. Installation of standalone off-grid solar water pumps to fulfil irrigation needs of farmers not connected to grid.
  3. Solarization of existing grid-connected agriculture pumps to make farmers independent of grid supply and also sell surplus solar power generated to Discom and get extra income.

 

Mains Question: Discuss the objectives and features of the Kisan Urja Suraksha evam Utthaan Mahabhiyan (KUSUM) scheme.