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[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 09 February 2019

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 09 February 2019

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INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2019: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

 

Tomorrow’s Static Topic: Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance.


General Studies – 1


Topic– Effects of globalization on Indian society Social empowerment

1) Indian family structure has has grown to embrace individual choices and social realities. Analyze in the context of new family structures and notions  in India.(250 words)

The hindu

 

Why this question

The article tries to provide a glimpse of the changes that Indian Family system has been quietly witnessing. It discusses  how individual choices are gaining more voice at the cost of weathering of the patriarchy embedded in an Indian family system.

Directive word

Analyze-here we  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts, and present them as a whole in a summary.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to  dig deep into the modern Indian family and bring out how it has grown embrace individual choices and social realities.  We have to analyse the present family structures and notions in India.

Structure of the answer

Introduction–   write a introductory lines about the  traditional Indian family system. E.g mention  the patriarchal setup, joint family system, adherence to traditional social mores and  choices.

Body-

Discuss in points as to how the modern family system in India has  developed in India and how it has strengthened individual choices and changed the social realities. E.g

  • The Indian family is changing. There’s no ‘ideal family’ defined by children or lineage.
  • It comes in different shapes and sizes. And it has grown to embrace individual choices, and social realities: single children, divorce, double incomes, sexual freedom.
  • The concept of ‘family’ has always been fluid, even in traditional set-ups, but today “the new generation is seeing much more of the world; they’re exposed to Western norms of individualism and autonomy.
  • A family could now be the quasi-family where a group of people cohabit and share their lives and belong to each other in a fundamental way, but have no single figure of authority.
  • Stigma against widow/ women remarriage  is decreasing.
  • Some of the changing perceptions are thanks to popular culture, movies, movie stars
  • The change is however no revolution and  it is still marginal etc.

Conclusion– based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.


General Studies – 3


 

Topic -Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

2) India needs to develop its own emissions factor database relevant to local air pollution sources. Do you agree. Comment.(250 words)

Livemint

Why this question

Air pollution is a serious issue in India and many of the world’s most polluted cities are from India.  air pollution is not only a problem in Metropolitan or big cities but also in small cities, towns and even villages.  in this context it is important to discuss whether there is any to develop an emission factor database relevant to local air pollution sources.

Directive word

Comment- here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.  

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to express our knowledge and understanding about the air pollution problem  across India. it then what was to express our opinion as to why/ why not there is a need for India to develop its own emissions factor database relevant to local air pollution sources.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– write a few introductory lines highlighting India’s air pollution woes. E.g mention about the air pollution status of Indian cities at global level.

Body

Discuss in points as to why there is a need for India to develop its own emissions factor database relevant to local air pollution sources. E.g

  • NCAP sets a target of 20-30% reduction of PM2.5 and PM10 by 2024, with 2017 as the base year for comparison.
  • To achieve such comprehensive actions for prevention, control, and abatement of air pollution, NCAP requires detailed knowledge of data, research findings and time-to-time policy impact analysis.
  • However, currently available knowledge on the sources of air pollution is inadequate to inform such contributions, particularly at local scale, which is a crucial input for developing city-centric strategies.
  • For better implementation of NCAP, there is a need for researchers and policymakers to access robust, open-source data.
  • India needs to develop a platform for reliable and timely data sharing, to understand source contribution and evaluate policy impacts at local and regional scale.
  • Emissions inventory, air pollution modelling, ambient air quality monitoring, chemical characterization of pollutants and source apportionment studies are some of the conventional measures to understand source contribution and evaluate policy impacts.
  • Today, except for Delhi, most Indian cities and regions lack such measures. There is minimal knowledge available for rural areas etc.

Conclusion– based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.


General Studies – 4


Topic– Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics

3) What do you understand by Ethical intuitionism. Discuss.(250 words)

The hindu

Reference

Directive word

Discuss- this is an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to write in detail about the key demand of the question. we also have to discuss about the related and important aspects of the question in order to bring out a complete picture of the issue in hand.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to write in detail about the meaning of ethical intuitionism and write at length about the topic- it’s propositions, ideas, proponents, criticism etc.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– Write a few introductory lines about the Ethical Intuitionism. E.g The idea was popularised by American philosopher Michael Huemer in his 2005 book Ethical Intuitionism.

Body-

Discuss in points about the Ethical Intuitionism. E.g

  • Also known as moral intuitionism, this refers to the philosophical belief that there are objective moral truths in life and that human beings can understand these truths intuitively.
  • These are fundamental truths that can’t be broken down into parts or defined by reference to anything except other moral truths.
  • Human beings can discover these truths by using their minds in a particular, intuitive way.
  • What is right or wrong is considered by ethical intuitionists to be self-evident in nature and cannot be known through human experience.
  • Intuitionism does not mean that all moral decisions are reached by relying on intuition.
  • Intuition enables the discovery of the basic moral truths, and everyday moral decision-making then involves thinking about the choices available and making moral judgements in an ordinary sort of way.
  • Critics of ethical intuitionism argue that people may come to different moral conclusions even after consulting their inner intuition.
  • Others question whether people can arrive at moral conclusions at all using their intuition.

Conclusion– based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.


Topic– Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance.

4) What do you understand by social intelligence. What are its key components. Discuss.(250 words)

Reference

Directive  word

Discuss- this is an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to write in detail about the key demand of the question. we also have to discuss about the related and important aspects of the question in order to bring out a complete picture of the issue in hand.

Key demand of the question

the question words to write in detail about the meaning  and scope of social intelligence. it also wants us to write in detail  about the key components determine social intelligence.

Structure of the answer

Introduction-  write a few introductory lines about the social intelligence. E.g social intelligence develops from experience with people and learning from success and failures in social settings. It is more commonly referred to as “tact,” “common sense,” or “street smarts.”

Body-

  1. Discuss about the concept of social intelligence in detail. E.g
  • Social intelligence is more about the future. Social intelligence came about so that people could survive, and it’s about figuring out the best way for you to get along, and come out of a situation with a favorable outcome.
  • Even if you have the qualifications on paper, a lack of social intelligence could lead to strained or ruined relationships, as well as lost opportunities etc.
  1. Discuss the key components of social intelligence. E.g
  • “social expressiveness skills.”
  • adept at learning how to play different social roles,
  • excellent listeners.
  • efficiently analyze what makes people tick by paying attention to what they’re saying and how they’re behaving etc.

conclusion- based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.


Topic- Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance.

5) While emotional intelligence is about the present, social intelligence is about the future. Comment.(250 words)

Reference

Directive word

comment- here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.  

Key demand of the question

The question wants us to express our knowledge and understanding about emotional intelligence and social intelligence.  It wants us to express our opinion as to how social intelligence is about the future and emotional intelligence is about the present.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– write a few introductory lines about the  emotional intelligence and social intelligence. E.g Give a simple and brief definition of both the terms.

Body-

  1. Discuss about the concept of  emotional intelligence and how it is linked to the present. E.g
  • emotional intelligence as “…the ability to identify and manage your own emotions and the emotions of others.” Emotional intelligence contains three competencies:
  • Emotional awareness
  • Applying emotions to processes such as problem-solving and thinking
  • Emotion management implied as both being able to help control other people’s’ feelings as well as your own.
  • emotional intelligence is more about the present, and thus more closely related to emotions and feelings.
  • By reading someone’s face, you can tell whether that person is happy, incredibly nervous before going into a job interview, or shy because that person happens to be in his or her own corner in the middle of a party.
  1. Discuss  similarly about the  concept of social intelligence  and how it is linked to future.

Conclusion- based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.


 

Topic- Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance.

6) How can emotional intelligence help in improving the working of an organization.Discuss.(250 words)

Reference

Directive word

Discuss- this is an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to write in detail about the key demand of the question. we also have to discuss about the related and important aspects of the question in order to bring out a complete picture of the issue in hand.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to write in Detail about the concept of emotional intelligence and how it can improve working of an organisation.

Structure of the answer

Introduction–  write a few introductory lines about the  concept of emotional intelligence. E.g give a simple definition of Emotional intelligence.

Body-

Discuss in points how emotional intelligence can help in better functioning of an organisation. E.g

  • Recruitment. EQ measurement is invaluable in selecting and recruiting “desirable, high-performance workers”  
  • Predicting performance. Some companies are blending IQ testing with scientific measurement of EQ to predict job performance and direct workers to jobs where they are most likely to succeed  
  • Negotiation. Whether you’re dealing with a trading partner, competitor, customer or colleague, being able to empathize and be creative in finding win-win solutions will consistently pay off  
  • Performance management. 360-degree feedback is a common tool for assessing EQ. Knowing how your self-perception compares with others’ views about your performance provides focus for career development and positive behavioural changes  
  • Peer relationships. Good networking skills are a staple of job effectiveness for the average worker. Networking has too often been associated with “using” other people, but a heightened EQ ensures a mutually beneficial approach to others.

Conclusion– based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.


Topic– Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance.

7) What can be done to cultivate emotional intelligence in workplace. Discuss.(250 words)

Reference

Directive word

Discuss- this is an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to write in detail about the key demand of the question. we also have to discuss about the related and important aspects of the question in order to bring out a complete picture of the issue in hand.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to Write in detail about how emotional intelligence can be cultivated and developed in a workplace.  we have to be as descriptive and practical in our answer as possible.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– write a few introductory lines about the  Emotional intelligence. E.g provide a brief definition of emotional intelligence and its importance.

Body-

Discuss in points as to how emotional intelligence can be cultivated at workplace. E.g

  • The four phases correspond to those of the development process, viz., preparation, training, transfer and maintenance, and evaluation. Each is important.
  • Assess the organization’s needs
  • Assess the individual
  • Deliver assessments with care
  • Maximize learner choice
  • Encourage people to participate
  • Link learning goals to personal values
  • Adjust expectations
  • Gauge readiness;

Foster a positive relationship between the trainers and learners

  • Make change self-directed
  • Set clear goals
  • Break goals into manageable steps
  • Provide opportunities to practice
  • Monitor performance and give feedback
  • Rely on experiential methods etc.
  • Encourage use of skills on the job
  • Develop an organizational culture that supports learning

Conclusion– based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

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