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National Service Scheme

Topics Covered:

  1. Development processes and the development industry the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders.


National Service Scheme


What to study?

  • For Prelims: What is NSS?
  • For Mains: Significance and the need for NSS.


About National Service Scheme (NSS):

It is an Indian government-sponsored public service program conducted by the Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports of the Government of India.

The scheme was launched in Gandhiji’s Centenary year in 1969.

Aim: The University Grants Commission (UGC) headed by Dr. Radhakrishnan recommended introduction of national service in the academic institutions on a voluntary basis with a view to developing healthy contacts between the students and teachers on the one hand and establishing a constructive linkage between the campus and the community on the other hand.


The broad objectives of NSS are to:

  • Understand the community in which they work.
  • Understand themselves in relation to their community.
  • Identify the needs and problems of the community and involve them in problem solving process.
  • Develop among themselves a sense of social and civic responsibility.
  • Utilize their knowledge in finding practical solution to individual and community problems.
  • Develop competence required for group living and sharing of responsibilities.
  • Gain skills in mobilizing community participation.
  • Acquire leadership qualities and democratic attitude.
  • Develop capacity to meet emergencies and natural disasters.
  • Practice national integration and social harmony.


Mains Question: Discuss the role of National Service Scheme (NSS) in developing the personality and leadership qualities of the youth and in engaging them in nation-building activities.