Topic – Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.
5) What challenges do external non state actors pose to India’s security?(250 words)
Key demand of the question
The question expects us to first explain who external non state actors are and thereafter explain about the multifaceted threat that they pose to India’s security.
Structure of the answer
Introduction – Highlight that India has been facing internal security threats from various external and internal state and non state actors since independence.
- Explain about external non state actors – Non-state actors are individuals or organizations that have powerful economic, political or social power and are able to influence at a national and sometimes international level but do not belong to or allied themselves to any particular country or state. They include NGOs, MNCs, religious outfits, Drug Cartels, Mafias, terrorist groups etc. they may work in tandem for the peace, stability and development of a country or they may work against the State.
- Discuss the threat that they pose to internal security in India such as insurgency, terrorism, cyber security , communalism, counterfeit currency etc
- Discuss how should India deal with such challenges
Conclusion – Highlight the risk profile of the country based on these threats and discuss way forward.