Topic- Linkages between development and spread of extremism
4) Left Wing Extremism (LWE) is showing a downward trend, but still affects many parts of the country. Briefly explain the Government of India’s approach to counter the challenges posed by LWE.(250 words)
Key demand of the question
The question expects us to talk about the status quo with respect to threats posed by left wing extremists to the country. Thereafter, we need to highlight the steps taken by the country to deal with such threats and discuss the way forward.
Structure of the answer
Introduction – Explain about left wing extremism – term officially used to describe Maoist insurgency in selected states of Central and Eastern India.
- Highlight the status quo of the threat posed by left wing extremists to the security of the country.
- Discuss the steps taken by the government to deal with this threat
- Discuss the Samadhan doctrine launched by MHA – Controlling arms supply to Maoist usiing GPS trackers and Unique Identification number (UID) for Gelatin sticks and explosives manufacturers. Each CRPF battalion deployed in the Maoist hotbed is given atleast one UAV. More helicopter support for operations, including private helicopter services. Joint Task Forces along inter-State boundaries, better inter-state coordination and intelligence sharing. Stricter implementation of Prevention of Money Laundering Act (PMLA) to choke funding to LWE groups.
- Developmental approach such as through Vanbandhu Kalyan Yojana for holistic development of the tribal people by targetting their education, employment, healthcare, infrastructure and connectivity; Mines and Minerals (Development and Regulation) Act was amended to setup District Mineral Foundation (DMF). Through this fund, all mining districts receive portion of the mining royalties. The money is spend on the development activities decided by the local people etc
- Analyze the impact of this two pronged strategy
Conclusion – Give your view on the impact of the governmental measures and discuss way forward.