Topic- Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation
5) St. Petersburg declaration has been unable to achieve the goals for tiger conservation set by it. Discuss.(250 words)
Why this question
A decade has passed since the St. Petersburg declaration was made. However the progress on the targets envisaged by the declaration has not been at par. In this context it is important to discuss the achievements of the declaration.
Discuss- this is an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to write in detail about the key demand of the question. we also have to discuss about the related and important aspects of the question in order to bring out a complete picture of the issue in hand.
Key demand of the question.
The question wants us to write in detail about the St. Petersburg declaration, its resolutions and to what extent it has been able to achieve the targets set by it.
Structure of the answer
Introduction– write a few introductory lines about the St Petersburg declaration. E.g In the 2010 St. Petersburg Declaration, the countries agreed to a Global Tiger Recovery Program and pledged to double the global tiger population by 2022.
- Discuss the progress on the font of tiger conservation after the declaration. E.g
- over one-third of tiger conservation sites in the world are severely at risk of losing their wild tigers — the majority of which are in Southeast Asia.
- Many of these areas lack basic plans for effective management, with over 60 per cent of the sites facing several limitations in anti-poaching.
- Countries like India, Nepal and Russia have shown that tiger recovery is possible, despite challenges in poaching, funding and sustaining community livelihoods, which can be overcome with strong political commitment.
- Discuss the reasons behind the poor performance. E.g
- Known hot spots for illegal trade in tiger parts include the Indo-Nepalese border, South India, Central India, Mekong-China, Indonesia-China and Russia-China.
- Due to lack of centralised data across tiger range countries, it is difficult to enforce laws.
- Lack of political will.
- There is need for more cross-country cooperation between countries where there is high demand for tiger parts as well as countries which are home to tiger populations.
Conclusion– based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.