- The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country.
Salt Satyagraha Memorial
What to study?
For Prelims and Mains: Salt Satyagraha- key facts, significance and outcomes.
Context: National Salt Satyagraha Memorial has been opened at Dandi in Navsari district, Gujarat. It was dedicated to the nation on the occasion of Mahatma Gandhi’s 71st death anniversary (30th January).
The memorial encapsulates the ideals of Mahatma Gandhi- Agrah for Swadeshi, Swatchagrah and Satyagraha.
The memorial aims to serve as a reminder of the great sacrifices made by the people of the nation for the cause of freedom. It is a tribute to the Satyagrahis led by Gandhi Ji, who worked for India’s freedom and is expected to be a major attraction for the tourists.
About the Salt Satyagraha:
On March 12, 1930, Mahatma Gandhi embarked a historic Salt March from Sabarmati Ashram in Gujarat’s Ahmedabad to the village of Dandi in the state’s coastal area to protest against the steep tax the British levied on salt. The Salt March began on March 12, 1930 and continued till April 6, 1930.
It was a 24-day Salt March, which was non-violent in nature, is historically significant as it led to the mass Civil Disobedience Movement.
Upon reaching the seashore in Dandi, Mahatma Gandhi broke the law by producing illegal salt. This later turned into a mass civil disobedience movement throughout India as millions broke salt laws by either making salt or buying illegal salt.
During that time, the British had prohibited Indians from collecting or selling salt. Indians were also forced to buy the staple diet ingredient from the British, who, not only exercised monopoly over its manufacture and sale but also levied a heavy salt tax. The Salt March was a collective beginning of a mass resistance movement against the British tyranny.
Sources: the hindu.