Topic – The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country.
1) Discuss Lala Lajpat Rai’s role as someone who embraced diversity as a crucial element of national culture?(250 words)
Why this question
The article discusses the views of lala Lajpat Rai regarding the role of diversity as an element of Indian culture and its usefulness for the freedom struggle. Lala Lajpat Rai is an important personality of the freedom struggle and hence this article is important.
Key demand of the question
The question expects us to discuss the views of lala Lajpat Rai with regards to diversity of India and relate it to how crucial an element it was in the national culture and freedom struggle.
Discuss – Here your discussion should focus on bringing out the views of lala Lajpat Rai with regards to diversity in India and highlight the importance of his views.
Structure of the answer
Introduction – Explain the role of lala Lajpat Rai in freedom struggle.
- Discuss the evolution of his views with respect to diversity in India.
- Having earlier conceived of Hindus and Muslims as separate “religious nationalities”, by 1915, he proclaimed that “religious nationalism” was a “false idea”, embodying a “narrow sectarianism” which could never be “truly national”. “Religion was a matter of individual faith,” he proclaimed, which “must not interfere with the common civil life of the country”. Instead, every person must transcend their religious community to realise their larger common interest as Indians.
- Lajpat Rai argued that India’s natural geography brilliantly marked it off from the rest of the world, endowing its people with a common nationhood. At times, he pronounced that Indians — whether Hindu, Muslim, Christian or Parsi — were a common race. He argued that Indian Muslims were descendants of the Aryan race who had merely converted to Islam — they continued to be influenced by their ancestral Aryan-Hindu culture.
- dismissed the idea that nations of the world comprised of single pure races to proudly proclaim that the Hindus, Muslims and Christians of India were a “racial mix-up”.
- Discuss the significance of his views for the freedom struggle
Conclusion – Give a fair and balanced summary of the views of lala Lajpat Rai and its significance.