- Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes.
Jiban Sampark Project of Odisha
What to study?
For Prelims and Mains: Highlights and significance of the scheme, about PVTGs.
Context: Odisha has launched Jiban Sampark project for the welfare of the Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups.
- The Project is being undertaken in association with UNICEF.
- It aims to generate awareness among Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTG) in Odisha on various development and welfare initiatives of State Government, especially on women and child welfare.
- The focus areas of the Project are skill development, empowering communities, cooperation and innovation among the groups.
About ‘Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs)’:
PVTGs are more vulnerable among the tribal groups. In 1975, the Government of India initiated to identify the most vulnerable tribal groups as a separate category called PVTGs and declared 52 such groups, while in 1993 an additional 23 groups were added to the category, making it a total of 75 PVTGs out of 705 Scheduled Tribes, spread over 17 states and one Union Territory(UT), in the country (2011 census).
Among the 75 listed PVTG’s the highest number are found in Odisha (13), followed by Andhra Pradesh (12).
Sources: the hindu.
Mains Question: Who are the Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTG) in India? Examine why they are classified as such and discuss their characteristics and social conditions.