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[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 25 January 2019

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 25 January 2019

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INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2019: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

 

Tomorrow’s Static Topic: Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s
interest.


General Studies – 1


Topic – Social empowerment

1) New India can’t view empowerment of women merely as economic resource. Comment.(250 words)

Indian express

Why this question

The article examines the problems with the developmental narrative that sees improvement of status of women merely in terms of participation of women in labour force. There are several other issues faced by women which also need to be tackled to improve their overall status.

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to first explain the statement given in the question. Thereafter, it expects us to bring out why thinking of development of women merely in terms of enhancing their contributions to GDP is not holistic. Bring out that there is a need to focus on other issues that confront women and the way forward.

Directive word

Comment – When you are asked to comment, you have to pick main points and give your ‘opinion’ on them based on evidences or arguments stemming from your wide reading. Your opinion may be for or against, but you must back your argument with evidences.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – explain the statement given in the question.

Body

  • Explain that Niti Aayog’s released ‘Strategy for New India @75’ document falls short of engaging gender equality in a meaningful way. This important, over 200-page document includes only a short, four-page section on gender which discusses just one theme: The need to enhance female labour force participation, while neglecting a whole gamut of other issues.
  • Explain why it is problematic to focus on empowerment of women as an economic resource. Bring out the other issues faced by women and how to address them.

Conclusion – Give a fair and balanced view and discuss way forward.

 


General Studies – 2


Topic– Indian Diaspora

2) Highlight the role played by Indian diaspora in Act East policy?(250 words)

 

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to highlight the role played by diaspora in Act East policy.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Highlight that India has widened it’s foreign policy perspective with reinvigorating arrangements with east by transforming ‘Look East Policy’ into ‘Act East Policy’. In this regards, Indian diaspora has an important role to make this policy a success.

Body – Explain the role played by diaspora in look east policy by focussing on their role as a strategic asset as well as in soft power diplomacy. Explain about the role played by such diaspora in enhancing trade and commerce between the regions which has been aided by FTAs. Bring out their role in science and technology, cultural connectedness by focussing on their role in developing Nalanda etc. Bring out the issues such as lack of connectivity etc

Conclusion – Give your view and discuss way forward.


Topic– Issues relating to poverty and hunger.

3) DAY-NRLM has played a significant role in reducing poverty in India, in the recent years. Discuss.(250 words)

Pib

Directive word

Discuss- this is an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to write in detail about the key demand of the question. we also have to discuss about the related and important aspects of the question in order to bring out a complete picture of the issue in hand.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to write in detail about the DAY-NRLM and the role played by the programme in reducing poverty in India. We have to highlight the aim of the programme and the recent achievements which have helped in reducing poverty in India.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– write a few introductory lines about the  DAY-NRLM. E.g DAY-NRLM is aimed at alleviation of rural poverty through building sustainable community institutions of the poor. It seeks to mobilize about 9 crore households into SHGs and link them to sustainable livelihood opportunities by building their skills and enabling them to access formal sources of finance, entitlements and services from both public and private sectors.

Body-

Discuss in points the achievements of the programme in recent years. E.g

  • Mission Footprint under which additional blocks have been covered under the “Intensive” strategy.
  • Community Institution Building under which Self Help Group (SHGs) across the country have been mobilized.
  • Financial Inclusion by giving loans to SHGs.
  • Financial Services in Remote Areas: steps have also been taken to promote alternate models for delivery of financial services. About 3050 SHG members have been deployed as Banking Correspondents Agents (BCAs) to provide last mile financial services including deposit, credit, remittance, disbursement of old age pensions and scholarships, payment of MGNREGA wages and enrolment under insurance and pension schemes.
  • Mahila Kisan Shashaktikaran Pariyojana and Value Chain Initiatives: In order to promote agro-ecological practices that increase women farmers’ income and reduce their input costs and risks etc.

Conclusion– based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.


Topic– Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Human Resources.

4) Frontline government workers such as Anganwadi workers, teachers, nurses etc face issues in their working conditions which need to be alleviated for better social sector indicators. Examine. (250 words)

Indianexpress

 Why this question

The article examines the issues faced by frontline government workers and the impact that such issues have on achievement of social developmental goals. The article provides filler material for aforementioned topic as well as provides an understanding as to government service delivery is found lacking at times.

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to examine the issues faced by frontline service delivery workers and the impact it has on achievement of social development goals. Thereafter, we need to bring out how to change status quo and provide way forward.

Directive word

Examine – When you are asked to examine, you have to probe deeper into the topic,  get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any .

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Explain the role that such frontline government workers play in government service delivery.

Body

  • Discuss the issues faced by such workers
    • Anganwadi workers – lack of infrastructure, poor training, interminable bureaucratic reporting responsibilities, no supportive supervision, absence of clear accountability structures (to the community they serve as well as to the higher-ups), poor grievance redress mechanisms and for a majority, less than commensurate remuneration. These concerns are usually covered up in the narrative of rampant absenteeism and poor attention to core responsibilities.
    • Teachers – low salary, poor infrastructure, temporary vs permanent status etc
  • Discuss the impact it has delivery of government services – India’s ability to achieve its SDGs or to have a healthy skilled workforce that contributes towards economic progress or social and human development depends to a large extent on the performance of teachers, nurses, anganwadi workers, panchayat secretaries and PWD staff. That is perhaps why they have been at the receiving end of the criticism for shortfalls in the country’s social indicators. Unfortunately, while the blame is easily apportioned, there is not enough attention paid to the conditions under which they work or the value that is attributed to their work.
  • Discuss how the situation can be improved

Conclusion – Give a fair and balanced opinion and discuss way forward.


Topic– Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s
interests

5) Critically examine whether the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration solve the migrant crisis facing the world currently?(250 words)

Reference

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to explain about the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration and how it would help in resolving the migrant crisis including in North east India.

Directive word

Critically examine – When you are asked to examine, you have to probe deeper into the topic,  get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any . When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, all you need to do is look at the good and bad of something and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Explain that The ‘Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration’ is the first, intergovernmental agreement that covers all dimensions of global migration. The legally non-binding pact aims to promote efforts to strengthen regular migration pathways and protect the human rights of migrants. Its objectives and commitments provide states and international agencies a means to coordinate migration policies and ensure that migration works for all.

Body

  • Discuss details about the agreement and how it proves useful in dealing with the migrant crisis.
  • Explain about the migrant crisis caused by several factors such as climate change, political and social conflicts etc which are leading to this issue gaining prominence off late. Thereafter, also touch upon the nature of migrant crisis being faced in North east India.
  • Discuss how the above agreement can help in resolving such issues

Conclusion – Highlight the importance of the agreement and discuss way forward.


Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors

6) Discuss the recently released guidelines to re-energize and reinvigorate the Jan Shikshan Sansthans. (250 words)

Pib

Why this question

Jan Shikshan Sansthans is an important institution related to skill development in India and the government has released guidelines to further strengthen and reinvigorate the Jan Shikshan Sansthans. In this context it is important to discuss those guidelines in detail.

Directive word

Discuss- this is an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to write in detail about the key demand of the question. we also have to discuss about the related and important aspects of the question in order to bring out a complete picture of the issue in hand.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to write in detail about the recently released guidelines to re-energize and reinvigorate the Jan Shikshan Sansthans.

Structure of the answer

Introduction- write a few introductory lines about the  JSS. e.g JSSs can play an important role in bridging information asymmetry between skill training and market opportunities thereby giving an impetus to the creation of a workforce equipped in technology-driven skills, including in areas like health & wellness, tourism, e-commerce, retail and trade.

Body-

Discuss in detail the related guidelines. E.g

  • Alignment of JSS course and curriculum to National Skill Qualification Framework (NSQF) to standardize training
  • Decentralization of powers for JSSs- giving more accountability and independence to district administration
  • To identify and promote traditional skills in the district through skilling / upskilling;
  • Evidence based assessment system
  • Easy Online certification
  • Linking JSS to PFMS (Public Finance Management system) maintaining transparency and accountability of the ecosystem
  • Creating livelihood linkages etc.

Conclusion- based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.


General Studies – 3


Topic-  Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

7) Upscaling solar power in India requires tighter land regulations. Examine.(250 words)

Reference

Why this question

India has placed huge stress on the solar power and has also made significant strides in capacity addition in this regard. However further upscaling has been difficult on account of land acquisition problems. Therefore it is necessary to discuss the need for tighter land regulations in this regard.

Directive word

Examine- here we have to probe deeper into the topic,  get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any.  

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to bring out the reasons as to why upscaling solar power in India requires tighter land regulations.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– write a few introductory lines about India’s stress on solar power. E.g present a few statistics related to addition of installed capacity of solar power under National Solar Mission.

Body-

DIscuss why there is a need for tighter land regulations in order to further upscale solar energy in India. E.g

  1. solar developers still reportedly face hurdles in converting agricultural land to industrial.
  2. It has become problematic even in the fringes of the Thar Desert.
  3. Most parks, developed by nodal government agencies, identify low-yield land and lease it from the farmers on 25-to 28-year-agreements, a win-win situation for everyone involved as the farmer has a steady flow of income.
  4. But in practice, the land acquired by developers isn’t always “barren”.
  5. With no clear penalties and regulations that draw the line on land quality, fertile cultivable land is often procured to build solar power plants.
  6. “While ideally there is the desire to use barren land, factors such as availability, distance from the substation and other acquisition challenges come into play.
  7. “To develop decentralised and rooftop solar, and more solar pump capacity, a much more concerted, deep, invasive policy effort is needed to provide the right information to the consumers and enable the right kind of business model etc.

Conclusion– based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.


Topic Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation

8) E-waste is a looming crisis for humanity and calls for immediate action. Discuss.(250 words)

Reference

 

Why this question

The UN has recently released a report highlighting the huge problem of e-waste across the world. In this context it is important to discuss the problem in detail.

Directive word

Discuss- this is an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to write in detail about the key demand of the question. we also have to discuss about the related and important aspects of the question in order to bring out a complete picture of the issue in hand.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to write in detail about the problem of e-waste generation and disposal across the world. We have to highlight the magnitude and extent of the problem as well as highlight the deficiencies in the present management and regulation.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– write a few introductory lines about the  recent UN report on e-waste. E.g It notes that the waste stream has already reached 48.5 million tonnes (MT) in 2018 and the figure is expected to double if nothing changes. Moreover, only 20 percent of global e-waste is recycled.

Body-

  1. Discuss in detail about the problem of e-waste. E.g
  • E-waste comprises not just electronic items, but also all electrical equipment that involves anything with a plug, electric cord or battery.
  • It may represent only 2 percent of the solid waste stream, yet it can represent 70 per cent of the hazardous waste that ends up in landfills.
  • One-half of all e-waste is personal devices such as computers, screens, smart phones, tablets and TVS, and the rest is larger household appliances, as well as heating and cooling equipment.
  • by 2021, the annual total volume is expected to surpass 52 MT, considering the fact that the number of devices connected to the internet is going to be between 25-50 billion by 2020, which is nearly triple the number of people on the planet today.
  • By 2050, the volume of e-waste in the worst-case scenario, could top 120 MT annually etc.
  1. Discuss what has been/ should be done to handle the problem. E.g
  • E-waste export, though, is regulated under the Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movement of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal, the regulatory environment is complex and fragmented.
  • As many as 67 countries have legislation in place, including India, to deal with the e-waste they generate which involves the ‘extended producer responsibility’ (EPR) aspect.
  • India notified the E-waste (Management) Rules, 2016, on October 1, 2016, which made EPR mandatory.
  • Also, there is an acute lack of awareness among people as they simply don’t know that there exist collection centres that collect items for recycling. The law will fail to serve the purpose unless these changes are made on the ground etc.

Conclusion– based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.

 



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

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