- Women related issues.
- Welfare schemes for the protection of vulnerable sections of the society.
National Girl Child Day (NGCD)
What to study?
- For Prelims: About NGCD- objectives, theme and significance, BBBP-key features.
- For Mains: BBBP significance, challenges to the development of girl child in the country, measures needed.
What? National Girl Child Day (NGCD) was observed on 24th January with objectives of generating awareness on the issue of declining Child Sex Ratio (CSR) and create a positive environment around valuing the girl child. The programme also observed anniversary of Beti Bachao Beti Padhao (BBBP) Scheme. National Girl Child Day was first initiated in 2008.
Theme: “Empowering Girls for a Brighter Tomorrow”.
- To increase the consciousness of the people and offer new opportunities to the girl child in the society.
- To remove all the inequalities faced by the girl child.
- To ensure that the girl child should get all their human rights, respect and value in the country.
- To work regarding gender discrimination, to educate people.
Launch and expansion: Launched in January, 2015 at Panipat in Haryana. All India Expansion of BBBP covering all 640 districts (as per Census 2011) was launched at Jhunjhunu, Rajasthan on 8th March 2018.
It is a tri-ministerial effort of Ministries of Women and Child Development, Health & Family Welfare and Human Resource Development.
It is a Central Sector Scheme with 100% financial assistance for District level component and the fund are directly released to the DC/DM’s account for smooth operation of the Scheme.
Main Objective of the scheme is to address the declining Child Sex Ratio (CSR) and related issues of empowerment of women over a life-cycle continuum. The specific objectives of the scheme include preventing gender biased sex selective elimination; ensuring survival and protection of the girl child and ensuring education and participation of the girl child.
- At the Central level, Ministry of Women and Child Development is the nodal ministry for the programme and National Task Force headed by Secretary, MWCD with the representation of Partner Ministry and other nominated members.
- At the State level, Chief Secretaries heads the State Task Force (STF) with representation of Department of WCD, Health and Education to monitor the implementation of the scheme.
- The District Collectors/Deputy Commissioners (DCs) lead and coordinate action of all departments for implementation of BBBP at the District level.
Mains Question: According to data from the 2011 Census, the number of children born every year is declining rapidly in India, but the slowdown is faster for baby girls as against baby boys. Examine the reasons and implications of this disturbing trend.