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2) What do the draft  CRZ rules imply from the perspective of environmental justice and distributive justice.Discuss. (250 words)

Topic– Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

2) What do the draft  CRZ rules imply from the perspective of environmental justice and distributive justice.Discuss. (250 words)


Why this question

The draft CRZ rules have been widely criticised for their material approach towards coastal development and under the conspicuous and increasingly more vital role of climate change it is important to discuss the draft rules and see how they affect the environment and the society.

Directive word

Discuss- this is an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to write in detail about the key demand of the question. we also have to discuss about the related and important aspects of the question in order to bring out a complete picture of the issue in hand.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to write in detail as to how the draft CRZ rules will possibly affect the environment and the notion of distributive justice.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– write a few introductory lines about the  recent CRZ rules. The Coastal Regulation Zone (CRZ), 2018 notification approved by the MoEFCC has revoked some of its stringent provisions to permit the expansion of development activities into the environmentally sensitive areas (ESAs), hitherto deemed inaccessible by law.


  1. Discuss the salient provisions of the rules. E.g
  • reduction of the CRZ limits and the no-development zone (NDZ) area,
  • and the classification of coastal zone areas, according to the density of population.
  • For the setting up of “strategic projects,” for defence and public utilities, even the most ecologically critical areas that fall under the CRZ I classification have not been excluded.
  1. DIscuss the impact of the draft rules vis-a-vis environmental and distributive justice. E.g
  • By facilitating the large-scale intrusion of commercial and industrial activities into the fragile coastal territories, the new CRZ policy would upset the prevailing human–ecological balance.
  • This would lead to further degradation of marine ecosystems, and disrupt the livelihoods of resource-dependent populations, especially artisanal fishers living off the coasts.
  • Regions that lie along India’s west coast and those adjoining the river deltas on the east coast are known to be amongst the most vulnerable areas.
  • In effect, the policy would not only serve to facilitate the unhindered implementation of the central government’s ambitious Sagarmala project but also promote the development of infrastructure, real estate and tourism, while permitting affordable housing along the coast.
  • The utilitarian approach of the policy reveals a clear bias favouring business interests, while overriding the needs of coastal ecology, conservation and the fishers etc.

Conclusion– based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.