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Topic – Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies
1) The 2014 NGT ban on rat hole mining in Meghalaya has only accentuated the problem. Critically analyze.(250 words)
Why this question
The recent disasters involving rat hole mining in Meghalaya has brought the focus on rat hole mining in the state. The NGT order on rat hole mining, it appeared, had dealt with the problem conclusively. However, the recent disasters have shown that the problem persists. Hence this question.
Key demand of the question
The question expects us to discuss the pros and cons of NGT decision on banning rat hole mining and discuss the way forward for ensuring that a fair and practical solution is devised.
Critically analyze – When asked to analyze, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, all you need to do is look at the good and bad of something and give a fair judgement.
Structure of the answer
Introduction – Explain about the 2014 order banning rat hole mining.
- Discuss the impact of the ban. Highlight that while it was thought that the ban had succeeded in tackling the problem of rat hole mining, the recent incidents have shown that the problem continues.
- Discuss how the ban has magnified the problem
- Blueprints of mines are not available which hampered rescue operations in the current disaster
- rat-hole mining has to be regulated and not banned as it will impact the livelihood of many people. Moreover the current legal limbo is only benefiting the rich etc
- Discuss what needs to be done to effectively deal with the situation. Evaluate whether ban is the way forward or regulations are required
Conclusion – Give your view and discuss the way forward.