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[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 19 January 2019

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 19 January 2019

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INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2019: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

 

Tomorrow’s Static Topic:  India and its neighbourhood- relations


General Studies – 1


Topic – Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.

1) Isolation of indigenous groups is crucial today. Comment in light of the recent debate around the issue.(250 words)

Key demand of the question

The recent incident involving Sentinelese tribe has brought the attention on such indigenous tribes and our policy with respect to them. The article delves deep in the issue and discusses why it’s important for us to leave such indigenous tribes alone.

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to bring out the current status of indigenous tribes, highlight our policy towards them, explain the reasons why it’s important to leave them and discuss the way forward.

Directive word

Comment – When you are asked to comment, you have to pick main points and give your ‘opinion’ on them based on evidences or arguments stemming from your wide reading.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Discuss why this issue is in news.

Body

  • Discuss the status quo highlighting the situation of such tribes
  • Discuss how such tribes are protected currently – The Govt. of India issued the Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Protection of Aboriginal Tribes) Regulation, 1956 to declare the traditional areas occupied by the tribes as reserves, and prohibited entry of all persons except those with authorisation. Photographing or filming the tribe members is also an offence. The rules were amended later to enhance penalties. But restricted area permits were relaxed for some islands recently.
  • Discuss why it’s important to leave them alone
    • large chunk of the population of the 10 Great Andamanese tribes was wiped out after the indigenous peoples caught syphilis, measles, and influenza on an epidemic scale following contact with the early settlers etc

Conclusion – Give your view and discuss way forward.


General Studies – 2


 

Topic– Indian polity : issues

2) Critically analyze the process of selection of supreme court judges in India. How can the process be made more transparent?(250 words)

 

Why this question

The recent decision of the collegium to replace two HC chief justices selected for elevation has once again brought the system of appointment of judges under the scanner. This article analyzes this issue in detail.

Key demand of the question

we have to describe the provisions dealing with the appointment of SC judges and discuss those provisions critically. We also have to suggest measures to rectify the arrangement. we have to identify and briefly discuss the key provisions dealing with the appointment of SC judges in India and form an opinion on them, particularly on their shortcomings. then we have to simply enlist measures required to prevent the executive’s unnecessary intervention into the judiciary.Directive word

Directive word
critically analyze-When asked to analyze, you  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, all you need to do is look at the good and bad of something and give a fair judgement.

Structure of Answer:

introduction- briefly describe article 124 of the constitution and mention NJAC .

Body

  • enlist the eligibility and procedure of selection of SC judges in detail.
  • describe the first, second and third judges cases
  • discuss the shortcomings in the process. e.g lack of well defined rules and procedures and instances of discretion
  • suggest necessary amendments required in the legal provisions. e.g prescription of time limit and also bringing transparency and logic in the process of selection of judges etc.

Conclusion – Give your view and discuss way forward.

 


Topic-Indian polity : issues

3) Critically comment on the way the courts have interpreted the Section 124(A) of the penal code. Comment on what do you think the future of sedition law in India should be? (250 words)

Livemint

 

Why this question

Sedition law is again in news courtesy chargesheet filed against the accused in JNU row. This issue needs to be examined in detail and we need to form an opinion on what the future of sedition law in the country should be.

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to explain what section 124A entails and comment on the courts interpretation of the same. Thereafter, we need to logically give an argument regarding the future of sedition law in the country.

Directive word

Critically comment – When you are asked to comment, you have to pick main points and give your ‘opinion’ on them based on evidences or arguments stemming from your wide reading. Critically comment is also forming opinion on main points but in the end you have to provide a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Highlight why this issue is in news.

Body

  • Explain that In india,sedition is 124A of Indian penal code & when person charged under this IPC. The offence is punishable with imprisonment for life.
  • Court have interpreted 124A of Indian penal code in many cases relate to 124A section:
    • Kedar Nath Singh Vs State of Bihar 1962: constitutional bench of supreme court made clear that allegedly seditious speech & expression may be punished only if speech is an incitement to violence or public disorder.
    • Subsequent cases have further clarified the meaning of this phrase.
      In Indra Das vs State of Assam & Arup Bhuyan vs State of Assam, Supreme Court stated that only speech that amounts to “incitement to imminent lawless action” can be criminalised.
    • Balwant Singh v. State of Punjab, Supreme Court overturned the convictions for sedition(124A IPC) and Promoting enmity between different groups on grounds of religion, race, place of birth, residence, language, etc (153 A IPC).
  • Based on the opinion of the court and how the sedition law has been used in the country, give your view on the future of sedition law.

Conclusion – Give your view and discuss way forward


Topic– India and its neighbourhood- relations

4) Examine the major issues in India Bhutan relations and suggest measured for continuing the cohesive and durable relationship with Bhutan?(250 words)

 

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to discuss in brief the status and history of India Bhutan relations. Thereafter, we need to discuss the teething issues in India Bhutan relations and discuss how such issues can be resolved.

Directive word

Examine – When you are asked to examine, you have to probe deeper into the topic,  get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any .

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Give a brief history of India Bhutan relations.

Body

  • Discuss the major issues
    • Issues with the hydropower project
    • Allegations of interference against India
    • India’s power-surplus status and the advent of other renewable energies like wind and solar power will make it more difficult for Bhutan to ensure that its hydropower sector becomes profitable.
    • Unless India finds ways to help, it will be accused of the same sort of “debt-trapping” that China is accused of today.
    • India also needs to focus on policing cross-border trade The goods and services tax still hurts Bhutanese exporters, and demonetisation has left lasting scars on the banking system
  • Discuss the way forward
    • India’s effective neighbourhood approach will prove conducive towards building a cohesive and durable relationship with Bhutan in the coming days.
    • The hydropower projects, where delays in construction and commissioning by the Indian companies took place, have led to the Country’s increase in the national debt. The tariffs need to be re-negotiated. Moreover, in India advent of wind / solar makes it more difficult for Bhutan to ensure that its hydropower sector becomes profitable.
    • Considering this legacy of Independent democracy, India should refrain from interfering in sovereign matters of Bhutan.

Conclusion – Give your view and discuss way forward.


Topic: India and its neighbourhood- relations

5) Discuss the importance of Maldives in Indian foreign policy? Examine the impact of recent election outcome in Maldives on its relationship with India? (250 words)

 

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to first bring out the reason why Maldives is so crucial for India particularly with respect to India’s role and position in Indian Ocean. Thereafter, we need to bring out the recent election outcome and what it means for India. Finally, we need to provide a way forward.

Directive word

Discuss – Here your discussion should remain focussed on explaining the importance of Maldives for India.

Examine – When you are asked to examine, you have to probe deeper into the topic,  get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any .

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Explain that voters in the Maldives delivered a stunning defeat for President Abdulla Yameen in a contentious presidential election, an outcome regarded as a victory for democracy over authoritarianism in the Indian Ocean island nation.

Body

  • Explain the importance of Maldives for India
    • India sees itself as a net security provider in Indian Ocean for which Maldives is an important partner
    • A member of SAARC
    • Large number of Indian nationals living in Maldives
    • Competition between India and China over Maldives etc
  • Discuss how relation between India and Maldives had deteriorated under President yameen. Talk about the tilt towards China, thwarting of democracy etc
  • Discuss the impact of the election results on india’s relationship with Maldives

Conclusion – Give your view and discuss the way forward.


Topic – India and her neighbourhood relations.

6) BIMSTEC provides India with a viable alternative to SAARC and boosts India’s act east policy. Analyze.(250 words)

Key demand of the question:

It’s a statement based question where sometimes parts of the questions are not directly evident. However, the meaning of the statement is clear. Also in this question there are TWO main parts that are evident. You have to analyse whether you agree or not with the statement. You may give both sides and provide suggestions too.  

Directive Word:

Analyse -When asked to analyze, you  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.Structure of Answer:

In the introduction in 1-2 lines write importance of Bay of Bengal and why BIMSTEC can be ver useful for India especially when SAARC is not working thanks to uncooperative/uninterested neighbours(give context). In one line you may express your stand (like it’s too early to say BIMSTEC is an alternative or you may strongly agree too – depending on amount of facts you have to substantiate your stance)

In the body, divide answer into TWO main parts: First part to prove/disprove(or give both views) why BIMSTEC is alternative to SAARC. Further divide into small parts to analyse each aspect. In the Second main part, analyse if it’s a feather to India’s Act East Policy (give current affairs examples – Myanmar and Thailand related)

In the conclusion, you may conclude that both are very much needed and should be strengthened.

 



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

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