Topic– Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
6) For Ayushman Bharat to succeed, the private sector will have to take greater ownership. Critically analyze.(250 words)
Why this question
The success of Ayushman bharat is critical for improving the healthcare outcomes in the country and private sector has an important role to play in that. The article discusses these issues and needs to be discussed.
Key demand of the question
The question expects us to critically analyze the role of private sector in the success of Ayushman Bharat and bring out the pros and cons of involvement of private sector to conclude whether or not there should be greater involvement of private sector.
Critically analyze -When asked to analyze, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, all you need to do is look at the good and bad of something and give a fair judgement.
Structure of the answer
Introduction – Explain about Ayushman Bharat.
- Explain that India ranks as low as 145th among 195 countries in healthcare quality and accessibility, behind even Bangladesh and Sri Lanka. The country spends an abysmal 1.3 per cent of its GDP on health, way less than the global average of 6 per cent. Over 70 per cent of the total healthcare expenditure is accounted for by the private sector. Given the country’s crumbling public healthcare infrastructure, most patients are forced to go to private clinics and hospitals. Health care bills are the single biggest cause of debt in India, with 39 million people being pushed to poverty every year.
- Highlight the constraints with increasing government finances for improving health infrastructure
- Discuss the capacity in which private sector can contribute towards the success of Ayushman Bharat and the constraints involved therein.
Conclusion – Give your view on how necessary private sector participation is for the success of Ayushman Bharat.