Topic – Salient features of world’s physical geography.
3) Explain the formation of thousands of islands in Indonesian and Philippines archipelagos.(250 words)
Key demand of the question
The question expects us to explain the formation of these islands with detailed explanation of the processes entailed therein.
Structure of the answer
Introduction – Explain what archipelago is. Highlight that Indonesia and Philippines constitute two of the five main archipelagos in the world, with Indonesia being the largest archipelagic state in the world, in terms of area and population.
Body – Explain the geography of the region like the fact that it falls at the boundary of continental plates. Explain the reasons for the formation of these island. Both Indonesian and Philippines archipelagos are a result of a combination of volcanic activity and tectonic plate movement. Both islands have been hotbeds of volcanic and seismic activity due to the convergence of continental plates. Explain the physical processes involved in the formation of these islands.
Conclusion – highlight that the region is prone to volcanoes and tsunamis.