Topic – Part of static series under the heading – “laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance”
5) Explain how do laws, rules, regulations and conscience differ as sources of ethical guidance?(250 words)
Key demand of the question
The question expects us to explain how laws, rules, regulations and conscience act as sources of ethical guidance and how they differ from each other.
Structure of the answer
Introduction – Explain why ethical guidance is required when we are faced with situations of ethical dilemmas.
- Explain how laws , rules, regulations and conscience serve as sources of ethical guidance
- Laws – Laws set out standards, procedures and principles that must be followed. A law is enforceable by the judicial system, i.e. those responsible for breaking them can be prosecuted in court.
- Rules – rules are more pliable than laws and serve to make our living in society more organised and ordered.
- Regulations – Regulation creates, limits, constraints a right, creates or limits a duty, or allocates a responsibility.
- Conscience – conscience aims to make moral decisions in ‘overwhelming forces of inescapable situations’ despite the risk of adverse consequences. If conscience goes, then everything collapses, conscience is central to our identity and it is as component in the moral decisions making process
- Explain how they are different and how they prove useful in situations of ethical dilemmas
Conclusion – Give your view on the relative importance of laws, rules, regulations and conscience.