Topic – mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.
5) There is scant focus on improving the situation with respect to bonded labour in India despite it being unconstitutional. Analyze.(250 words)
Why this question
Close to 80 years since the constitution came into being, the prevalence of bonded labour is a stark reminder that we still need to get rid of many such socially inappropriate practices. This question would enable you to discuss the magnitude of the problem and think of ways of handling such problem.
Analyze – When asked to analyze, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.
Key demand of the question
The question expects us to explain the status of bonded labour in India, discuss the legal framework to curb bonded labour, explain the reasons why bonded labour in India still continues and discuss the way forward.
Structure of the answer
Introduction – Explain what is meant by bonded labour
- Discuss the status quo with respect to bonded labour in India – The Global Slavery Index 2016 estimated there to be 1.8 crore Indians in modern slavery, including bondedness, while the International Labour Organisation said there were 1.17 crore bonded labourers in 2014.
- Explain the legal and constitutional protections against bonded labour – practice was abolished under the Bonded Labour System (Abolition) Act, 1976 etc
- Discuss the reason why bonded labour still persists – government relies on rescue and rehabilitation only, a multi pronged approach focussing on conducting a survey and enforcement of the law is required
Conclusion – Highlight that continuation of bonded labour reflects poorly on India’s track record on social justice and discuss way forward.