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Mohan Reddy Committee

Topics covered:

  1. Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
  2. Development processes and the development industry the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders.
  3. Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.


Mohan Reddy Committee


What to study?

For Prelims and Mains: Key recommendations made by the committee and their significance, the need for review of engineering education.


Context: A government committee headed by IIT-Hyderabad chairman B V R Mohan Reddy has submitted its report and that its suggestions are being considered by AICTE.

The committee was appointed to come up with a medium and short-term perspective plan for expansion in engineering education.


Important recommendations made by the committee:

  • Stop setting up new colleges from 2020 and review the creation of new capacity every two years after that.
  • No additional seats should be approved in traditional engineering areas such as mechanical, electrical, civil and electronics and institutes should be encouraged to convert current capacity in traditional disciplines to emerging new technologies.
  • For approving additional seats in existing institutions, the AICTE should only give approvals based on the capacity utilisation of concerned institute.
  • Introduce undergraduate engineering programmes exclusively for artificial intelligence, blockchain, robotics, quantum computing, data sciences, cybersecurity and 3D printing and design.


What necessitated this?

More than half the engineering seats fall vacant every year. There were no takers for 51% of the 15.5 lakh B.E/B.Tech seats in 3,291 engineering colleges in 2016-17.

Besides, current capacity utilisation in traditional disciplines is just 40% as opposed to 60% seat occupancy in branches such as computer science and engineering, aerospace engineering and mechatronics.

  • There were glaring gaps in regulation, including alleged corruption; a vicious circle of poor infrastructure, labs and faculty; non-existent linkages with industry; and the absence of a technical ecosystem to nurture the classroom. All this accounted for low employability of graduates.


Sources: ie.

Mains Question: Examine the challenges faced by higher education sector in India and discuss the impact of policy decisions taken to address these issues?(250 words)