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5) The disaster that struck a coal mine at Ksan in Meghalaya’s Jaintia Hills district on December 13, trapping at least 13 workers, is a shocking reminder that a fast-growing economy such as India continues to allow Dickensian mining practices. Discuss.(250 words)

Topic: Disaster and disaster management

5) The disaster that struck a coal mine at Ksan in Meghalaya’s Jaintia Hills district on December 13, trapping at least 13 workers, is a shocking reminder that a fast-growing economy such as India continues to allow Dickensian mining practices. Discuss.(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question

This article discusses about the obsolete mining practices followed in India and the issues arising because of it. The significant risk posed to the miners which gets exposed at the time of such disasters necessitate an evaluation of the practices followed by the mining industry and the issues arising because of them.

Structure of the answer

Highlight the recent disaster in Meghalaya which has posed a risk to the lives of several miners. Bring out the issues faced by the mining industry and discuss what could be the solutions to prevent such crises from recurring. Finally, we need to provide a way forward.

Directive word

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Highlight the minimum g disaster in Meghalaya which our lives of so many miners at risk.

Body

  • Discuss the issues faced by the mining industry
    • unscrupulous operators of the illegal mine exploit desperate workers who were willing to work the rat hole tunnels because that is the most remunerative employment available to them. This highlights the regulatory and administrative lapses
    • Unscientific mining practices
    • Inadequate response to the mining disaster
    • Official inquiries into flooding disasters at approved mines, including Chasnala, have shown serious shortcomings in safety management.
    • There is little evidence to show that pre-mining surveys and safety protocols are incorporating such advice
  • Highlight what needs to be done to prevent such incidents from recurring
    • Act swiftly and steadily against the illegal mines operating
    • Improve the technology used in mining industry etc

Conclusion – Discuss what needs to be done to prevent such disasters.