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6) To properly harness digitisation, we now have the challenge of developing and prioritising institutions of governance to protect users. Comment.(250 words)

Topic– Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life

6) To properly harness digitisation, we now have the challenge of developing and prioritising institutions of governance to protect users. Comment.(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question

Digitisation and its growing penetration among the masses has huge implications for the society. In the wake of controversies regarding privacy- like the Cambridge analytica episode of the facebook, it is pertinent to look into the need for privacy protection online and the need for systemic interventions in this respect.

Directive word

Comment- here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to express our knowledge and understanding of the pitfalls of digitisation and then express our opinion on the need to develop institutions of governance which aim at protecting user privacy from being misused.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– write a few introductory lines highlighting the privacy concerns posed by increasing digitisation e.g mention the Facebook and two back to back privacy issues of Cambridge Analytica and now sharing of data including personal data with other companies etc.

Body-

Discuss the need for developing institutions of governance to protect user privacy. E.g  At present, despite having the second highest number of Internet users in the world, India has little to show as a country in investigatory outcomes, measured regulatory responses or parliamentary processes which safeguard users; While we should continue focussing scrutiny on large platforms such as Facebook, it cannot be done just by the smarts and technical negotiations of everyday users;  We also must not forget that digitisation and social media despite its unethical conduct, is of enduring value to millions of Indians; To properly harness digitisation, we now have the challenge of developing and prioritising institutions of governance to protect users; This must start immediately with a strong, rights-protecting, comprehensive privacy law etc.

Conclusion- based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.