Topic– Part of static series under the heading – “Conservation”
6) The coercive top down approach of managing protected areas has led to socio cultural disruptions without much benefit for conservation efforts. Discuss. (250 words)
Key demand of the question
The question expects us to bring out the issues associated with top down approach of managing protected areas and how it causes socio cultural disruptions and how effective such protected areas are in conservation. We need to provide a fair and balanced opinion and discuss the way forward.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer
Introduction – Explain what are protected areas and highlight that Protected areas (PAs) are the main strategy to face the global deterioration of ecosystem goods and services due to human causes.
- Explain that global agreements are giving PAs a starring role in many aspects other than biodiversity conservation. One extended mission included in its most updated definition is providing while preserving ecosystem goods and services and associated cultural features other than biodiversity.
- Discuss that the socio economic objectives that are expected to be served by legislations related to protected areas are unable to meet the needs of those dependent on it. Bring out the case of top down legislations like forest rights act or the way tribal population are pushed at the margins of protected areas.
- Discuss the results of such protection measures in biodiversity conservation
Conclusion – give your view on the efficacy of such measures and discuss the way forward.