Topic– Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.
5) Discuss the potential of agroforestry in India and also discuss the factors impeding the growth of agroforestry.(250 words)
Why this question
India has less than the desired forest cover and agroforestry provides scope for not only complementing the forest cover but also supplement the farmers’ income. The MoEF & CC has recently issued a policy document in this regard. In this context it is essential to understand the scope of agroforestry in India and hurdles faced by it.
Discuss- this is an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to write in detail about the key demand of the question. we also have to discuss about the related and important aspects of the question in order to bring out a complete picture of the issue in hand.
Key demand of the question:
The question wants us to write in detail about the meaning and scope of agroforestry in India and also the reasons decelerating its growth and development
Structure of the answer
Introduction– write a few introductory lines about the Agroforestry in India. E.g agroforestry system is usually combination of tree crop, food crop, livestock rearing along with land based livelihood practices like bee keeping, pisci-culture in farm ponds, vermicomposting, organic farming of vegetables etc.
Discuss the potential and scope of agroforestry in India. E.g agroforestry system not only gives a stability to farm income but also enhances it due to cash flow from multiple streams; In such an integrated system, if food crop which is vulnerable to climate get affected, farmers can get assured income from other sources;Other livestock rearing or livelihood means can give him some assured farm income. In India, more than 50% land of its Geographic Area is under cultivation; Agro-Forestry/Farm Forestry, which is a subset of TOF, has the maximum potential in extension of green cover etc.
Discuss the factors impeding growth of agroforestry in India . E.g Inhibition among farmers, especially small and marginal farmers, regarding shade of tree canopies, root competition, birds damage leading to reduced crop production ; Trees as obstacle in mechanized farming; Undue harassment to farmer for obtaining felling permit from competent authorities; Complex procedure for obtaining Transit Pass Non-availabilities of organized trade in wood; Absence of wood processing units in the neighborhood; Lack of proper agro-forestry extension; Getting Quality Planting Material etc.
Conclusion– based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.