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4) As per a medium term proposal of Niti Ayog, the only viable solution to dealing with the massive waste problem in India is to incinerate the waste of go from waste to energy. Do you agree with such a view. Discuss (250 words)

Topic-Environmental pollution and degradation

4) As per a medium term proposal of Niti Ayog, the only viable solution to dealing with the massive waste problem in India is to incinerate the waste of go from waste to energy. Do you agree with such a view. Discuss (250 words)

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Why this question

The article discusses the huge burden of waste management that has fallen upon the cities and our sheer inadequacy in managing this deluge of waste. The article also discusses the scope and limitations of the waste management technologies that are used today. Hence this article provides good resource for dealing with questions related to waste management.

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to bring out the challenges of waste management being faced by the cities. Thereafter, we need to examine the causes why the issue of waste management is such a problem and critically examine whether incineration is the right way to go forward. Next, we need to discuss the various technologies in use for waste management. Finally, we need to provide a way forward.

Directive word

Examine – When you are asked to examine, you have to probe deeper into the topic,  get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any .

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Mention that With rapid urbanization, industrialization and an explosion in population in India, solid waste management will be a key challenge for state governments and local municipal bodies in the 21st century.

Body

  • Explain the magnitude of the problem – India’s cities already generate over 150,000 tonnes of municipal solid waste every day, with Mumbai being the world’s fifth most wasteful city. The waste heaps that dot the edges of India’s cities are set to double in size by 2025. Only one-third of the waste undergoes even rudimentary treatment, according to the urban ministry’s optimistic assessment, and hardly any of it is segregated, which would make processing easier. Highlight that According to the Delhi-based Centre for Science and Environment, cities are already beginning to run out of land on which to dump their waste and have begun throwing it in the backyards of smaller towns, suburbs and villages
  • Explain the reason behind the problem assuming massive proportion – apathy shown by municipal authorities , problems in processing of waste etc. Discuss the debate surrounding Niti ayog’s proposal and evaluate alternate technologies.
  • Discuss the scope and limitation of the various technologies in use to deal with solid waste management such as bioremediation, composting etc

Conclusion – Highlight that business as usual approach will not work and new methods have to be tried. Provide a way forward.