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3) There is a need to foster the process of climate adaptation in agriculture, which involves reshaping responses across both the micro- and macro-level decision-making. Discuss.(250 words)

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

3) There is a need to foster the process of climate adaptation in agriculture, which involves reshaping responses across both the micro- and macro-level decision-making. Discuss.(250 words)

The hindu

 

Why this question

Agriculture is increasingly becoming susceptible to climate change and dependence of around half of India’s population on agriculture exhorts us to pursue climate adaptation and response at both micro as well as macro levels. The article provides a scientific discussion of the issue and suggests several solutions in this regard.

Directive word

Discuss- this is an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to write in detail about the key demand of the question. we also have to discuss about the related and important aspects of the question in order to bring out a complete picture of the issue in hand.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to write in detail about  the need to foster process of climate adaptation in agriculture at both micro and macro level, what it means and how to do it.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– write a few introductory lines about the  need to adopt climate resilient agriculture. E.g Climate adaptation actions in agriculture are closely intertwined with rural developmental interventions, calling for a holistic new paradigm etc.

Body-

Discuss about the need for climate adaptation in agriculture and discuss what needs to be done at the micro level as well as the macro level. E.g India, with its diverse agro-climatic settings, is one of the most vulnerable countries. Its agriculture ecosystem, distinguished by high monsoon dependence, and with 85% small and marginal landholdings, is highly sensitive to weather abnormalities;  There has been less than normal rainfall during the last four years, with 2014 and 2015 declared as drought years;. Research is also confirming an escalation in heat waves, in turn affecting crops, aquatic systems and livestock; The Economic Survey 2017-18 has estimated farm income losses between 15% and 18% on average, which could rise to 20%-25% for unirrigated areas without any policy interventions;

At the micro-level, Need for  Corroborating traditional wisdom and various age-old notions about weather variations with climate assessments and effective extension and promoting climate resilient technologies will enhance; Climate exposure can be reduced through agronomic management practices such as inter and multiple cropping and crop-rotation; shift to non-farm activities; insurance covers; up-scaling techniques such as solar pumps, drip irrigation and sprinklers etc.

Conclusion- based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.